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   Microcap & Penny StocksCAF.V - Canaf Group Inc.


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From: JRod776/29/2018 11:34:52 AM
   of 57
 
Canaf Group Inc.(CAF.V) Q2 2018 Results. Financials + MD&A
All information can be found at www.sedar.com

Price: $0.11
Common Shares: 47,426,195
Warrants/Options: 0
Website: www.canafgroup.com

Financials (All In US Dollars)

ASSETS
Cash: $315,407
Trade Receivables: $3,604,555
Sales Tax Receivable: $3,091
Inventories: $418,389
Prepaid Expenses: $20,028
Property, Plant & Equipment: $953,801
Intangible: $1
Total Assets: $5,315,272

LIABILITIES
Trade & Other Payables: $2,296,780
Sales Tax Payable: $17,689
Income Tax Payable: $129,439
Bank Loan(Due Jan 2019): $271,611
Total Liabilities: $2,715,519

Asset/Debt Ratio: 1.96:1

Six Month Performance(Q1 & Q2 2018)
Sales: $8,698,426
Net Income: $691,115 USD

Net Income for 2017(Q1-Q4): $541,808 USD

Earnings per share in 2018:
$691,115USD X 1.31 CAD(June 29th 2018) / 47,426,195 = $0.019 cents CAD

Earnings per share over 6 quarters:

$1,232,923 X 1.31 CAD /47,426,195 = $0.034 cent CAD

MD&A Highlights

Revenues for the six months were $8,698,426 (2017 - $6,482,459) a 34% increase, and the Corporation continues to be profitable with gross profits of $703,169 (2017 - $684,905) a 2.7% increase and net income for six month period ended April 30, 2018 of $449,880 (2017 - $429,652) a $20,288, 4.7% increase. While revenues and gross margin have grown, increased cost of sales produced smaller gross margin percentages, 2018 8.1% (2017 10.6%).

The reduction in the gross margin is mainly due to a major maintenance project during the period. The Corporation expects to continue to operate profitably into Q3 and Q4, however Revenue is expected to drop, due to a reduction in demand caused primarily by one of Southern Coals main customers’ internal coke breeze coming back online.

The outlook and profitability of the Corporation remains strong and the Corporation expects to continue to generate positive free cash flow during the fiscal year-end 2018 and, as it accumulates cash and reduces its gearing and increases its efficiencies, will continue to look at investment in related business opportunities in South Africa and neighbouring countries.

The Corporation’s B-BBEE transaction for the sale of 30% of Quantum’s shares in Southern Coal remains on track to be completed during the current fiscal year. Following the termination of the initial agreement announced on 20 February 2018, a new B-BBEE partner has been identified and initial terms of the agreement, which will remain much the same as the previously agreed transaction, are expected to be announced during Q3.

Sales from the Corporation’s South African coal processing business are substantially derived from two customers and as a result, the Corporation is economically dependent on these customers. The Corporation’s exposure to credit risk is limited to the carrying value of its accounts receivable. As at April 30, 2018, trade receivables of $3,604,555 (October 31, 2017, $1,314,828) were due from these customers and were collected subsequent to period-end.

The bank loan bears interest at 10.25% per annum, matures on January 7, 2019, and is secured by the Corporation’s furnace acquired with the proceeds from the loan. The bank loan is repayable in blended monthly payments of Rand 391,624 ($32,359.89 translated at April 30, 2018 exchange rate)). During the six month period ended April 30, 2018, the Corporation incurred interest expense totaling $19,909 (April 30, 2017 – $29,658).

Expenses for the six months were $304,980 (2017 - $237,288) an increase of $67,692, 29%, primarily due to increased costs relating to the B-BBEE program

General administrative and finance expenses for the six month period were $285,071 (April 30, 2017 - $207,630) an unfavourable variance of $77,441, primarily due to increased involvement in South Africa’s B-BBEE program and increased activity resulting in higher management fees and office expenses. Additional detail of general and admin expenses can be found in the table below.

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From: JRod777/4/2018 10:19:31 AM
   of 57
 
Canaf Group changes name to Canaf Investments

2018-07-03 18:11 MT - News Release

Mr. Christopher Way reports

CANAF GROUP INC. ANNOUNCES NAME CHANGE TO CANAF INVESTMENTS INC.

Canaf Group Inc. will be changing its corporate name to Canaf Investments Inc., effective July 5, 2018. At the opening of trading on July 5, 2018, the common shares of the company will commence trading on the TSX Venture Exchange under the new name and Cusip No. 13682P102, and will continue trading under the same symbol CAF.

Shareholders holding share certificates in the name of Canaf Group can request replacement certificates with the new corporate name, but new certificates are not required and will not be automatically issued. There will be no consolidation of capital in connection with the change of name.

The change of name has been implemented to better represent the corporation and further meets the requirements of the corporation's new jurisdiction of British Columbia, which was approved in the last annual general meeting.

About Canaf Group Inc.

Canaf is a public company listed on the TSX Venture Exchange. Canaf's head office is in Vancouver, Canada, with subsidiary offices in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Canaf owns 100 per cent of Quantum Screening and Crushing Pty. Ltd., a South African-based company that owns 100 per cent of Southern Coal Pty. Ltd., a company that produces a high-carbon, devolatized anthracite.

We seek Safe Harbor.

© 2018 Canjex Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

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From: JRod777/6/2018 11:50:29 PM
   of 57
 
Canaf Group to sell 30% of unit for $1.7M

2018-07-06 10:44 MT - News Release

Mr. Christopher Way reports

CANAF ANNOUNCES B-BBEE TRANSACTION FOR SOUTH AFRICAN SUBSIDIARY

Canaf Investments Inc., formerly known as Canaf Group Inc., has provided the terms of its new broad-based black economic empowerment (B-BBEE) transaction for its South African subsidiary, Southern Coal (Pty.) Ltd.

As part of Southern Coal's continuing B-BBEE transformation program, Amandla Amakhulu (Pty) Ltd. (AAM), a 100-per-cent black, privately owned company incorporated in South Africa, has agreed to acquire 30 per cent of the issued shares of Southern Coal, from Canaf's wholly owned subsidiary, Quantum Screening and Crushing Pty. Ltd., for the value of 18 million South African rand (approximately $1.7-million (Canadian)).

Quantum will in return receive cumulative, redeemable preference shares in AAM in the amount of the purchase price, 18 million rand (approximately $1.7-million (Canadian)). These preference shares shall provide preferential dividends, until redeemed by AAM. These dividends will be secured by an irrevocable direction from AAM to Southern Coal to pay Quantum such dividends from any distribution to AAM. The transaction will close by Aug. 31, 2018.

Christopher Way, chief executive officer of Canaf, states: "The signing of this important agreement to sell 30 per cent of Quantum's shares in Southern Coal, confirms our intention to ensure that Southern Coal achieves the required B-BBEE level for the current financial year. We remain focused on securing new long-term contracts for the existing business and also continue to look at diversification opportunities in South Africa and its neighbours."

In addition to this transaction, Southern Coal can confirm that it remains on track in ensuring that all other areas of its B-BBEE transformation plan, including its enterprise, socio-economic, skills, and supplier and development programs, are fully invested in, so to ensure that the company reaches its desired level.

About Canaf Group Inc.

Canaf's head office is in Vancouver, Canada, with subsidiary offices in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Canaf owns 100 per cent of Quantum Screening and Crushing Pty. Ltd., a South African-based company that owns 100 per cent of Southern Coal Pty. Ltd., a company that produces a high carbon, devolatized anthracite. As of July 3, 2018, Quantum agrees to sell 30 per cent of its shares in Southern Coal for the net consideration of 18 million rand; the transaction will close by Aug. 31, 2018.

About Southern Coal

Southern Coal produces calcined anthracite, a product used primarily as a substitute to coke in sintering processes. Southern Coal produces calcined anthracite by feeding washed anthracite coal through a rotary kiln, at temperatures between 900 and 1,100 C; the volatiles are driven off and the effective carbon content increased.

Southern Coal's two largest clients are African leaders in steel and ferromanganese production. Southern Coal operates near Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, where Quantum's three kilns operate; the majority of Southern Coal's feedstock anthracite is supplied from local anthracite mines in KwaZulu-Natal.

We seek Safe Harbor.

© 2018 Canjex Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

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From: JRod777/13/2018 10:33:57 AM
   of 57
 
simplywall.st

What You Must Know About Canaf Investments Inc’s (CVE:CAF) Financial Strength
Armando Maloney July 13, 2018
Canaf Investments Inc ( CVE:CAF) is a small-cap stock with a market capitalization of US$4.98m. While investors primarily focus on the growth potential and competitive landscape of the small-cap companies, they end up ignoring a key aspect, which could be the biggest threat to its existence: its financial health. Why is it important? Evaluating financial health as part of your investment thesis is crucial, as mismanagement of capital can lead to bankruptcies, which occur at a higher rate for small-caps. I believe these basic checks tell most of the story you need to know. Nevertheless, this commentary is still very high-level, so I recommend you dig deeper yourself into CAF here.

Does CAF produce enough cash relative to debt?
CAF’s debt levels have fallen from US$566.85k to US$271.61k over the last 12 months , which comprises of short- and long-term debt. With this debt payback, the current cash and short-term investment levels stands at US$315.41k , ready to deploy into the business. Moreover, CAF has generated cash from operations of US$536.73k during the same period of time, leading to an operating cash to total debt ratio of 197.61%, indicating that CAF’s debt is appropriately covered by operating cash. This ratio can also be a sign of operational efficiency as an alternative to return on assets. In CAF’s case, it is able to generate 1.98x cash from its debt capital.

Does CAF’s liquid assets cover its short-term commitments?
At the current liabilities level of US$2.72m liabilities, the company has been able to meet these obligations given the level of current assets of US$4.36m, with a current ratio of 1.61x. Usually, for Metals and Mining companies, this is a suitable ratio since there is a bit of a cash buffer without leaving too much capital in a low-return environment.

TSXV:CAF Historical Debt July 12th 18
Is CAF’s debt level acceptable?
CAF’s level of debt is appropriate relative to its total equity, at 10.45%. CAF is not taking on too much debt commitment, which can be restrictive and risky for equity-holders. We can check to see whether CAF is able to meet its debt obligations by looking at the net interest coverage ratio. A company generating earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) at least three times its net interest payments is considered financially sound. In CAF’s, case, the ratio of 32.89x suggests that interest is comfortably covered, which means that lenders may be inclined to lend more money to the company, as it is seen as safe in terms of payback.

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From: JRod777/19/2018 10:31:19 AM
   of 57
 
Canaf Group appoints Williams to board, as CFO

2018-07-19 07:57 MT - News Release

Mr. Christopher Way reports

CANAF ANNOUNCES APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR AND CFO

Canaf Investments Inc., formerly known as Canaf Group Inc., has appointed Rebecca Williams as a director and chief financial officer effective today.

Rebecca, based in the UK, qualified with the Chartered Institute of Management Accounting in 2009 following a first class honours degree in Accounting and Finance from the University of Warwick, United Kingdom. Having spent 8 years progressing her accounting career with the rail industry, Rebecca diversified into corporate transformation having led divestment programmes and functional restructuring.

Rebecca joins Canaf at a time where the Corporation is looking to diversify and expand; her locality to the rest of the board, coupled with her ambition, enthusiasm and expertise will benefit the Corporation and its future plans.

The Corporation also confirms the resignation of Derick Sinclair as Chief Financial Officer and director. Christopher Way, CEO stated, "Derick leaves his position on the board, and as CFO, after having acted as Canaf's interim CFO, following the sudden passing of Zeny Manalo earlier in the year. In the short time Derick has been with Canaf, he has delivered some positive changes, and we are pleased to know that he will remain available to the Corporation as a consultant when required."

About Canaf

Canaf is a public company listed on the TSX-V Exchange. Canaf's head office is in Vancouver, Canada, with subsidiary offices in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Canaf owns 100% of Quantum Screening and Crushing (Pty) Ltd., ("Quantum"), a South African based company that owns 100% of Southern Coal (Pty) Ltd., ("Southern Coal"), a company that produces a high carbon, de-volatised anthracite. As of 03 July 2018, Quantum agrees to sell 30% of its shares in Southern Coal for the net consideration of R18million; the transaction will close by 31 August 2018.

We seek Safe Harbor.

© 2018 Canjex Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

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From: JRod777/25/2018 12:01:06 PM
   of 57
 
China to invest $15 billion in South African economy

rt.com

China to invest $15 billion in South African economy
Published time: 25 Jul, 2018 07:38
Get short URL
China to invest $15 billion in South African economy
© Thomas White / Reuters
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Beijing has pledged to bankroll $14.7 billion in South Africa and provide the country’s power utility and logistics corporation with loans. The South African rand firmed by more than one percent on news of the investment.
The announcement followed a meeting between the two countries’ leaders President Cyril Ramaphosa and Chinese President Xi Jinping in Pretoria. Xi’s state visit took place ahead of the 10th BRICS summit, scheduled for July 25-27. South Africa's biggest city of Johannesburg is set to welcome the heads of Brazil, Russia, India, and China.

“China is ready to invest and work with South Africa in various sectors, such as infrastructure development, ocean economy, green economy, science and technology, agriculture, environment and finance,” Ramaphosa told journalists following the meeting.

RT
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@RT_com
Chinese producers complained that flood of cheaper products damaging the local industry on.rt.com

11:00 PM - Jul 23, 2018

China launches dumping probe into steel imports from Indonesia, EU, Japan, and South Korea — RT...
China’s Commerce Ministry launched an anti-dumping investigation on Monday into stainless steel imports from four countries. Domestic producers have complained that a flood of cheaper products has...

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“We also recognized that, although trade figures have grown steadily over the past few years, bilateral trade has not reached its potential. We have thus explored avenues for increasing trade, identifying sectors for future investment and promoting tourism.”

The parties reportedly signed three major agreements aimed at strengthening mutual trade and identifying sectors for future investment. The presidents also announced plans to relax travel restrictions and loosen visa requirements.
The rand grew 1.04 percent to 13.3200 per dollar at 11:45 GMT, its firmest since Thursday.

“The rand is firming because our president is making it rain,” Wichard Cilliers, a trader at Pretoria-based Treasuryone told Bloomberg. “He has just secured another big investment, this time from China. That means new FDI inflows.”

For more stories on economy & finance visit RT's business section

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From: JRod778/15/2018 2:32:39 PM
   of 57
 
Canaf finalizes subsidiary Southern Coal B-BBEE deal

2018-08-15 11:12 MT - News Release

Mr. Christopher Way reports

CANAF ANNOUNCES FINALISATION OF B-BBEE TRANSACTION FOR ITS SOUTH AFRICAN SUBSIDIARY

Canaf Investments Inc., formerly known as Canaf Group Inc., has finalized its new Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment transaction for its South African subsidiary, Southern Coal Pty. Ltd.

Further to the announcement dated July 6, 2018, the corporation can confirm that Amandla Amakhulu (RF) Pty. Ltd., a 100% black, privately owned ringfenced company incorporated in South Africa, has acquired 30% of the issued shares of Southern Coal, from Canaf's wholly owned subsidiary, Quantum Screening and Crushing (Pty) Ltd., ("Quantum"), for the value of R18million (C$1.7m approx), with effective date 03 July 2018.

Quantum has in return received cumulative, redeemable preference shares in AAM in the amount of the purchase price, R18million (C$1.7million approx). These preference shares shall provide preferential dividends, until all preference shares have been redeemed by AAM. These dividends are subject to terms and conditions requiring AAM to pay Quantum such dividends from any distribution received from Southern Coal and is also subject to further protective conditions to the benefit of Quantum.

Christopher Way, Chief Executive Officer of Canaf, states, "the finalisation of the transaction with Amandla Amakhulu marks a significant milestone in a strategic plan to bring Southern Coal's B-BBEE rating in line with our customers requirements. It is with great pleasure to deliver what we have promised to our customers."

About Canaf

Canaf is a public company listed on the TSX-V Exchange. Canaf's head office is in Vancouver, Canada, with subsidiary offices in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Canaf owns 100% of Quantum Screening and Crushing Pty. Ltd., a South African based company that owns 70% of Southern Coal (Pty) Ltd., ("Southern Coal"), a company that produces a high carbon, de-volatised anthracite.

About Southern Coal

Southern Coal produces calcined anthracite, a product used primarily as a substitute to coke in sintering processes. Southern Coal produces calcined anthracite by feeding washed anthracite coal through rotary kilns, at temperatures between 900 and 1100 degrees centigrade; the volatiles are driven off and the effective carbon content increased.

Southern Coal's two largest clients are African leaders in steel and ferromanganese production. Southern Coal operates near Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, where Quantum's three kilns operate; the majority of Southern Coal's feedstock anthracite is supplied from local anthracite mines in KwaZulu-Natal.

We seek Safe Harbor.

© 2018 Canjex Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

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From: JRod779/10/2018 10:45:51 AM
   of 57
 
Sept 3rd 2018 - R14bn deal between SA and China will enable economic growth - citizen.co.za

Key notes: South Africa’s Department of Trade and Industry and China’s National Development and Reform Commission also pledged to cooperate on international investment promotion for the African country’s special economic zones and industrial parks, including a 4 600 MW coal-fired plant, a cement plant, and other metallurgical projects. “The projects will see the investment, planning, constructing and operation of coking, ferromanganese, ferrochromium, silico-manganese, stainless steel, supporting administrative service centre and living areas, highways, and a shipping integrated logistics centre among others,” the Presidency said.

Sept 4th 2018 - Is metallurgical coal the next big goldmine for Asian investors? - sbr.com.sg

Don't forget this article as it's crucial to seeing how badly China wants to secure metallurgical coal in South Africa:

July 27th 2018 - Chinese investors plan $10 billion metallurgical complex in South Africa - reuters.com

CAF is now in it's diversification phase as mentioned in prior news releases over the summer. The metallurgical coal industry is very profitable and those funds can be deployed elsewhere, perhaps in another mining venture.

Steel and ferromanganese are created from the product out of Canaf's facility, which are currently at record production due to global demand

Sept 10 2018 - Manganese takes pole position in ARM’s earnings surge - engineeringnews.co.za

Also a reminder that CAF Q3 results will be out in a few weeks or sooner.

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From: JRod779/26/2018 10:31:53 AM
   of 57
 
Canaf Investments earns $635,257 (U.S.) in nine months

2018-09-26 07:15 MT - News Release

Mr. Christopher Way reports

CANAF ANNOUNCES FINANCIAL RESULTS FOR Q3 2018

Canaf Investments Inc., formerly known as Canaf Group Inc., has released its financial statements and management discussion and analysis for the nine-month period ended July 31, 2018.

Revenue for the nine-month period ended July 31, 2018, increased to $12,137,604 (U.S.), an increase of 43.7 per cent compared with the same period last fiscal year, which generated a net comprehensive income of $635,257 (U.S.) (2017: $622,730 (U.S.)).

For more details and discussion on the results, the financial statements and management discussion and analysis can be viewed on SEDAR or the corporation's website.

About Canaf Investments Inc.

Canaf is a public company listed on the TSX Venture Exchange. Canaf's head office is in Vancouver, Canada, with subsidiary offices in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Canaf owns 100 per cent of Quantum Screening and Crushing, a South African-based company that owns 70 per cent of Southern Coal.

We seek Safe Harbor.

© 2018 Canjex Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

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From: JRod779/26/2018 11:10:12 AM
   of 57
 
Canaf Group Inc.(CAF.V) Q3 2018 Results. Financials + MD&A
Ending July 31st 2018. All information can be found at www.sedar.com



TSXV Symbol: CAF - OCTBB Symbol: CAFZF


Price: $0.11
Common Shares: 47,426,195
Insider Holdings: 12,304,085 or 26% - Majority Owned By CEO & Family
Warrants/Options: 0
Website: www.canafgroup.com

Financials (All In US Dollars)

ASSETS
Cash: $1,252,240
Trade Receivables: $1,682,075
Sales Tax Receivable: $20,078
Inventories: $685,983
Prepaid Expenses: $25,496
Property & Equipment: $808,845
Intangible: $1
Total Assets: $4,474,719

LIABILITIES
Trade Payables: $1,684,853
Sales Tax Payable: -$859
Income Tax Payable: $72,029
Current Portion Of Bank Loan: $174,801 - Due Jan 2019
Total Liabilities: $1,930,824

Q1-Q3 Performance
Sales: $12,137,604
Gross Profit: $933,187
G&A Expenses: ($444,535)
Interest Income: $53,645
Income Tax Expense: ($26,192)
Foreign Currency Gain: $119,153
Net Income For 2018: $635,257

Management Discussion & Highlights

OVERALL PERFORMANCE AND OUTLOOK

Revenues for the nine months were $12,137,604 (2017 - $8,443,667) a 43.7% increase, and the Corporation continues to
be profitable with gross profits of $933,187 (2017 - $889,225) a 4.9% increase and net income for nine month period
ended July 31, 2018 of $516,105 (2017 - $595,716) a 13% reduction. While revenues and gross margin have grown,
increased cost of sales produced smaller gross margin percentages, 2018 7.7% (2017 10.5 %). The reduction in the gross
margin is mainly due to major maintenance and re-commissioning costs during the period as well as various one off
costs.

The Corporation expects to continue to operate profitably into Q4, however Revenue is expected to reduce slightly as
demand for calcine reduces slightly due to a slowing in manganese and steel production downstream of the supply chain.
The Corporation cannot be sure of how long this slight reduction in demand will continue for, however remains
confident that Southern Coal will continue to operate profitably as it continues to work with a potential new customer
with the intention to secure a new long-term supply contract.

Whilst continuing to ensure that Southern Coal continues to generate free cash flow, the Corporation is also actively
exploring new opportunities in South Africa and its neighbours, as it accumulates cash and reduces its gearing; from

January 2019 Southern Coal will have completed the repayment of the 14 million Rand loan with ABSA which will
add approximately $26,000 per month to its cash-flow.

The Corporation’s B-BBEE transaction for the sale of 30% of Quantum’s shares in Southern Coal for 18 million Rand
was completed during the quarter. This marks a significant milestone in the strategic plan to bring Southern Coal’s BBBEE
rating in line with its existing and potential new customers’ requirements. The revised effective date for the
transaction is 01 August 2018.

BROAD-BASED BLACK ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT TRANSACTION (B-BBEE)

As part of Southern Coal’s B-BBEE transformation program, Amandla Amakhulu (Pty) Ltd., (“AAM”), a 100% black,
privately owned, and ringfenced, company incorporated in South Africa, acquired 30% of the issued shares of Southern
Coal, from Canaf’s wholly owned subsidiary, Quantum, for the value of 18 million Rand. The revised effective date
for the transaction is 01 August 2018.

Quantum in return received cumulative, redeemable preference shares in AAM in the amount of the purchase price.
These preference shares shall provide preferential dividends, until redeemed by AAM. These dividends will be secured
by an irrevocable direction from AAM to Southern Coal to pay Quantum such dividends from any distribution to
AAM.

CLAIM AGAINST KILEMBE MINES LIMITED

In August 2006, Canaf, then known as Uganda Gold Mining, announced the termination of any further investment into
its Kilembe Copper-Cobalt Project in Uganda. Since 2007, the Corporation has been engaged in an arbitration with
Kilembe Mines Limited, (“KML”), whereby the Corporation seeks general damages, special damages and costs of the
arbitration from KML for breach of contract.

The legal work, carried out by MMAKS Advocates, Kampala, against KML is at no cost to the Corporation, but any
award in won by MMAKS efforts will be distributed to both MMAKS and Canaf.

Despite the fact that the claim against KML Corporation remains active, the Corporation is unable to give an indication
of either the quantum or any likely date by which the arbitration will be concluded.

Sales

Revenue for the nine months was $12,137,604 (2017 - $8,443,667), 44% increase due to high demand for Southern
Coal's calcine product from both of its main customers, particularly in Q2. The Corporation is confident that
Sales will remain at profitable levels in to Q4, however expects to see a slight reduction in comparison
to Q3, as demand falls off slightly.

Expenses

Expenses for the nine months were $444,535 (2017 - $237,288) an increase of $89,286, 25%, primarily due to
increased costs relating to the B-BBEE program and major maintenance costs on Southern Coal’s old calcining
facilities. Other one off expenses that were incurred during the period were legal costs relating to the Corporation’s
name change, as well as back dated rent for Southern Coal’s premises which were negotiated at approximately $20,000.
General administrative and finance expenses for the nine month period were $418,788 (July 31, 2017 - $312,829) an
unfavorable variance of $105,959, primarily due to increased involvement in South Africa’s B-BBEE program and
increased activity resulting in higher management fees and office expenses. The Corporation incurred extra
management and consultant fees due to the passing of its previous CFO, Zeny Manalo as well as transitional costs
associated with the resignation and appointment of its CFO during the year. The Corporation does not expect any further
extra ordinary management or consultant fees going forward.

Comprehensive Income

The Corporation is not subject to currency fluctuations in its core activities however the Corporation is subject to
transactions in various currencies and the volatility in international currency markets does have an impact on some
costs and the translation into US$ the reporting currency of the Corporation. The current period comprehensive gain on
foreign exchange in the amount of $119,153 (2017 - $27,014) is primarily as a result of the translation into US$ the
reporting currency. As at July 31, 2018 the Corporation has net comprehensive gain of $635,257 (July 31, 2017 -
$622,730.) The Corporation does not hedge net asset translation movements.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

At July 31, 2018, the Corporation had cash of $1,252,240 (October 31, 2017 - $453,609) and working capital of
$1,735,049 (October 31, 2017 - $1,098,726). Surplus cash and cash equivalents are deposited in interest accruing
accounts.


Working capital components include cash in current or interest bearing accounts, trade and other receivables, sales tax
receivable, inventories and prepaid expenses and deposits, trade and other payables, sales tax payable, income tax
payable, and current portion of long-term debt.


Trade receivables and trade payables are expected to increase or decrease as sales volumes change.





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