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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/16/2019 10:46:37 AM
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Bloomberg recently released information on heavily shorted stocks.

One of those stocks was PolarityTE (PTE). The PTE technology uses a patient’s own cells and tissues to regenerate functionally-polarized human tissue – something that has never been done before.

The plausible reason for the high short position is that PTE still hasn’t generated a credible flow of revenue and because of that lack, it’s deemed to be a high-risk development company.

However, as of April 11, 2019, 75% of the company’s equity float has been shorted.

That’s a very high percentage and evokes a familiar adage . . .

“He who sells what isn’t his’n,

Must buy it back or go to prison.”

More to the point, if and when PTE releases some dramatic good news, the huge number of shorts would then have to compete with new buyers to cover their short positions.

Although prison is not a likely outcome, as prices rise shorts will either buy stock to cover their short positions or begin meeting higher and higher margin requirements.

For a stock that is currently trading below $10, going short seems like a high-risk bet.

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/17/2019 11:43:30 AM
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Apple settles with Qualcomm, licenses patents for chips ahead of 5G

On the second day of the federal trial between Qualcomm and Apple, the companies unexpectedly announced that they have settled their wide-ranging legal disputes and agreed to a global patent license. Apple says that it is making an unspecified payment to Qualcomm, and will consequently be able to source Qualcomm chips for six years effective April 1, 2019, with a two-year extension option.

The deal will notably enable Apple to procure faster modems for next-generation iPhones, as well as cellular iPads and Apple Watches. Critically, Apple will now be able to purchase Qualcomm’s 5G modems, which the San Diego chipmaker has sourced to virtually all of Apple’s Android-based smartphone competitors, including chief rival Samsung.

Read More - VentureBeat

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/17/2019 11:51:58 AM
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Intel exits 5G phone modem business after Apple-Qualcomm settlement

Following Apple’s last-minute patent licensing settlement with Qualcomm today, Intel has unexpectedly dropped out of the 5G modem-making business for smartphones. The Santa Clara-based chipmaker says it is in the process of assessing its remaining modem-related opportunities for PCs, internet of things devices, and data-focused devices, but it intends to continue making 5G network infrastructure components.

Intel CEO Bob Swan suggested that the company couldn’t compete “in the smartphone modem business,” saying “it has become apparent that there is no clear path to profitability and positive returns.” But he called 5G “a strategic priority” across the company and said Intel is reviewing the options for its wireless products and intellectual property — a signal that it may be looking to sell its portfolio.

Read More - VentureBeat

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/24/2019 9:27:50 AM
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Wing becomes first certified Air Carrier for drones in the US

Wing achieved a significant milestone today, becoming the first drone delivery company to receive Air Carrier Certification from the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). This is an important step for the FAA and the drone industry in the United States; the result of years of work to safely integrate drones into the national airspace. We’re grateful for the vision of the Administration, the Department of Transportation, and the FAA for creating the Unmanned Aircraft System Integration Pilot Program (UAS IPP) to advance the drone industry in the US.

“This is an important step forward for the safe testing and integration of drones into our economy. Safety continues to be our Number One priority as this technology continues to develop and realize its full potential,” said U.S. Secretary of Transportation, Elaine L. Chao.

Air Carrier Certification means that we can begin a commercial service delivering goods from local businesses to homes in the United States.

Read More – Medium.com

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/24/2019 4:08:37 PM
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AI is reinventing the way we invent

The biggest impact of artificial intelligence will be to help humans make discoveries we couldn’t make on our own.

Regina Barzilay’s office at MIT affords a clear view of the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research. Amgen’s drug discovery group is a few blocks beyond that. Until recently, Barzilay, one of the world’s leading researchers in artificial intelligence, hadn’t given much thought to these nearby buildings full of chemists and biologists. But as AI and machine learning began to perform ever more impressive feats in image recognition and language comprehension, she began to wonder: could it also transform the task of finding new drugs?

The problem is that human researchers can explore only a tiny slice of what is possible. It’s estimated that there are as many as 1060 potentially drug-like molecules—more than the number of atoms in the solar system. But traversing seemingly unlimited possibilities is what machine learning is good at. Trained on large databases of existing molecules and their properties, the programs can explore all possible related molecules.

Drug discovery is a hugely expensive and often frustrating process. Medicinal chemists must guess which compounds might make good medicines, using their knowledge of how a molecule’s structure affects its properties. They synthesize and test countless variants, and most are failures. “Coming up with new molecules is still an art, because you have such a huge space of possibilities,” says Barzilay. “It takes a long time to find good drug candidates.”

Read More $ MIT Technology Review

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/29/2019 8:55:13 AM
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Bizarre New Materials Could Make Bendy Phones That Work

Just days before its chimeric folding phone was supposed to go on sale, Samsung yanked the Galaxy Fold off the market (for now). Early review units had revealed a number of critical issues—faulty hinges, layers peeling off the display, and screens on the fritz—which turned the $1,980 smartphone dream into a PR nightmare.

Samsung hasn’t yet released a postmortem, but one area of scrutiny will be the screen, which relies on a different combination of materials than standard phones to lend it its folding superpowers. Because, surprise, this stuff is difficult. Bendy phones are only now possible because of fancy new materials, ones that likely don’t have all the kinks worked out yet. Whatever happens with the Galaxy Fold, the desire for bendable screens is leading to some unusual new technologies.

One particularly fascinating approach involves metamaterials. It’s a technology that’s already used, for instance, to create laser-reflecting glasses for airline pilots. And you could see metamaterials popping up in a whole lot more applications in the near future, including phones.

“Metamaterials are essentially artificially structured, man-made materials, where instead of using naturally occurring atoms and molecules, we define our own sub-wavelength structures,” says electrical engineer Jonathan Fan, who studies the stuff at Stanford University.

Read More - Wired

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/29/2019 9:04:28 AM
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The Terrifying Potential of the 5G Network

The future of wireless technology holds the promise of total connectivity. But it will also be especially susceptible to cyberattacks and surveillance.

In January, 2018, Robert Spalding, the senior director for strategic planning at the National Security Council, was in his office at the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, across the street from the White House, when he saw a breaking-news alert on the Axios Web site. “Scoop,” the headline read, “Trump Team Considers Nationalizing 5G Network.” At the time, Spalding, a brigadier general in the Air Force who previously served as a defense attaché in Beijing, had been in the military for nearly three decades. At the N.S.C., he was studying ways to insure that the next generation of Internet connectivity, what is commonly referred to as 5G, can be made secure from cyberattacks. “I wasn’t looking at this from a policy perspective,” he said. “It was about the physics, about what was possible.” To Spalding’s surprise, the Axios story was based on a leaked early draft of a report he’d been working on for the better part of a year.

Two words explain the difference between our current wireless networks and 5G: speed and latency. 5G—if you believe the hype—is expected to be up to a hundred times faster. (A two-hour movie could be downloaded in less than four seconds.) That speed will reduce, and possibly eliminate, the delay—the latency—between instructing a computer to perform a command and its execution. This, again, if you believe the hype, will lead to a whole new Internet of Things, where everything from toasters to dog collars to dialysis pumps to running shoes will be connected. Remote robotic surgery will be routine, the military will develop hypersonic weapons, and autonomous vehicles will cruise safely along smart highways. The claims are extravagant, and the stakes are high. One estimate projects that 5G will pump twelve trillion dollars into the global economy by 2035, and add twenty-two million new jobs in the United States alone. This 5G world, we are told, will usher in a fourth industrial revolution.

Read More – The New Yorker

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From: Paul H. Christiansen4/30/2019 12:17:46 PM
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How Wi-Fi 6 will transform connectivity in your home, at the office, and beyond

The next generation of Wi-Fi is upon us. On offer? The allure of an even faster way to connect to speedy broadband networks. Wi-Fi 6, as it’s more colloquially known, aims to replace the current technology used today, and the new standard promises not only faster speeds but also more capacity, lower latency, longer battery life, extended range, and better security to a world with a growing number of connected devices.

It’s not only for first to adopters though. You can still take advantage of some of the benefits when connecting to public hotspots in the future. In fact, companies like Cisco aim to make connecting to Wi-Fi hotspots simple, more secure, and increasingly seamless.

We got the behind the scenes story on how Wi-Fi 6 could turn out to be the most significant change to connectivity we’ll all notice in 2019 and beyond.

Read More – Digital Trends

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From: Paul H. Christiansen5/2/2019 6:12:29 AM
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2019-5-1 - This chip was demoed at Jeff Bezos’s secretive tech conference. It could be key to the future of AI.

Recently, on a dazzling morning in Palm Springs, California, Vivienne Sze took to a small stage to deliver perhaps the most nerve-racking presentation of her career.

She knew the subject matter inside-out. She was to tell the audience about the chips, being developed in her lab at MIT, that promise to bring powerful artificial intelligence to a multitude of devices where power is limited, beyond the reach of the vast data centers where most AI computations take place. However, the event—and the audience—gave Sze pause.

The setting was MARS, an elite, invite-only conference where robots stroll (or fly) through a luxury resort, mingling with famous scientists and sci-fi authors. Just a few researchers are invited to give technical talks, and the sessions are meant to be both awe-inspiring and enlightening. The crowd, meanwhile, consisted of about 100 of the world’s most important researchers, CEOs, and entrepreneurs. MARS is hosted by none other than Amazon’s founder and chairman, Jeff Bezos, who sat in the front row.

Read More - MIT Technology Review

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From: Paul H. Christiansen5/2/2019 6:32:08 AM
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2019-5-1 - Apple Q2 Earnings Insights

There were a few key insights that came from Apple’s Q2 earnings. One thing I’ve noticed through the years, and a reason I spend more time writing about Apple’s earnings than any other company, is that in many aspects trends within Apple’s ecosystem and their users, give us insight into other companies challenges and opportunities. In some regards, Apple is a bellwether for consumer market behavior.

iPhone Sales Stabilizing
In general, the smartphone market seems to be stabilizing. There are likely going to be times where Apple’s sales outgrow the smartphone industry, but in general, it seems the worldwide market is stabilizing, and we are getting a handle on what to expect in terms of annual volumes.

I wrote about this extensively after the holiday quarter where it was clear iPhone sales had peaked. It was inevitable and many lessons we learned tracking the PC category once it peaked applied to both Apple and the smartphone market. The biggest question on hardware makers minds when the PC peaked and began to decline was how low the bottom would be in annual sales. That was the question as companies planned roadmaps for hardware, and retailers made plans to carry inventory. For several years the market faced decline then stabilized. The smartphone market appears to be stabilizing a bit more quickly, and that is likely to the shorter life cycle (3-4 years) for smartphones vs. PCs (5-6 years).

Read More $ Think.tank

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