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   PoliticsPeak Oil reality or Myth, of an out of Control System


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From: DinoNavarre4/9/2019 8:56:54 AM
of 1482
 
Accident-Tolerant Fuel.........

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From: dvdw©4/17/2019 11:58:14 AM
of 1482
 
This article has material information affecting world wide demand. Projections made therein show Intent.

techcrunch.com

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To: dvdw© who wrote (1454)4/17/2019 12:59:09 PM
From: DinoNavarre
of 1482
 
Wish I was a younger man......Would love to be around to see some of this stuff come online......

Since borophene’s synthesis, chemists have been eagerly characterizing its properties. Borophene turns out to be stronger than graphene, and more flexible. It a good conductor of both electricity and heat, and it also superconducts. These properties vary depending on the material’s orientation and the arrangement of vacancies. This makes it “tunable,” at least in principle. That’s one reason chemists are so excited.

MIT Technology Review © 2019


JURII | WIKIMEDIA COMMONS
Business ImpactSorry, graphene—borophene is the new wonder material that’s got everyone excitedStronger and more flexible than graphene, a single-atom layer of boron could revolutionize sensors, batteries, and catalytic chemistry.by Emerging Technology from the arXiv April 5, 2019

Not so long ago, graphene was the great new wonder material. A super-strong, atom-thick sheet of carbon “chicken wire,” it can form tubes, balls, and other curious shapes. And because it conducts electricity, materials scientists raised the prospect of a new era of graphene-based computer processing and a lucrative graphene chip industry to boot. The European Union invested €1 billion to kick-start a graphene industry.

This brave new graphene-based world has yet to materialize. But it has triggered an interest in other two-dimensional materials. And the most exciting of all is borophene: a single layer of boron atoms that form various crystalline structures.

The reason for the excitement is the extraordinary range of applications that borophene looks good for. Electrochemists think borophene could become the anode material in a new generation of more powerful lithium-ion batteries. Chemists are entranced by its catalytic capabilities. And physicists are testing its abilities as a sensor to detect numerous kinds of atoms and molecules.

Today, Zhi-Qiang Wang at Xiamen University in China and a number of colleagues review the remarkable properties of borophene and the applications they might lead to.

Borophene has a short history. Physicists first predicted its existence in the 1990s using computer simulations to show how boron atoms could form a monolayer.

But this exotic substance wasn’t synthesized until 2015, using chemical vapor deposition. This is a process in which a hot gas of boron atoms condenses onto a cool surface of pure silver.

The regular arrangement of silver atoms forces boron atoms into a similar pattern, each binding to as many as six other atoms to create a flat hexagonal structure. However, a significant proportion of boron atoms bind only with four or five other atoms, and this creates vacancies in the structure. The pattern of vacancies is what gives borophene crystals their unique properties.

Since borophene’s synthesis, chemists have been eagerly characterizing its properties. Borophene turns out to be stronger than graphene, and more flexible. It a good conductor of both electricity and heat, and it also superconducts. These properties vary depending on the material’s orientation and the arrangement of vacancies. This makes it “tunable,” at least in principle. That’s one reason chemists are so excited.

Borophene is also light and fairly reactive. That makes it a good candidate for storing metal ions in batteries. “Borophene is a promising anode material for Li, Na, and Mg ion batteries due to high theoretical specific capacities, excellent electronic conductivity and outstanding ion transport properties,” say Wang and co.

Hydrogen atoms also stick easily to borophene’s single-layer structure, and this adsorption property, combined with the huge surface area of atomic layers, makes borophene a promising material for hydrogen storage. Theoretical studies suggest borophene could store over 15% of its weight in hydrogen, significantly outperforming other materials.

Then there is borophene’s ability to catalyze the breakdown of molecular hydrogen into hydrogen ions, and water into hydrogen and oxygen ions. “Outstanding catalytic performances of borophene have been found in hydrogen evolution reaction, oxygen reduction reaction, oxygen evolution reaction, and CO2 electroreduction reaction,” say the team. That could usher in a new era of water-based energy cycles.

Nevertheless, chemists have some work to do before borophene can be more widely used. For a start, they have yet to find a way to make borophene in large quantities. And the material’s reactivity means it is vulnerable to oxidation, so it needs to be carefully protected. Both factors make borophene expensive to make and hard to handle. So there is work ahead.

But chemists have great faith. Borophene may just become the next wonder material to entrance the world.

Ref: arxiv.org/abs/1903.11304 : Review of borophene and its potential applications


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To: DinoNavarre who wrote (1455)4/17/2019 2:12:18 PM
From: dvdw©
of 1482
 
Thanks enjoyed that article, thanks for posting it.

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From: dvdw©4/22/2019 10:54:01 AM
of 1482
 
And why not? There will be no shortage of oil. There will be more and more differentiation about the types and qualities of oil. Today heavy crudes are being impacted by the zoos inefficiencies. Refiners will need to adjust their platforms as the logical counter program against the trend away from heavy sours to other less environmentally / economically friendly types..

XOM's work off Guyana and soon Surinam is a huge counter program. Read more about it here.

finance.yahoo.com

The Zoo's production drop-off have little or no impact. Both Russia and China have large debt overhangs which will make it difficult for the zoo, to regain its status as a SouthAmerican showcase.

The debt owed will be serviced by oil shipments. As volumes continue to fall on the production side, these debts will eat up larger portions of future production Even If the zoos oil patch can be saved in the next decade or so, the debt payments to Russia and China will leave little in the way of largesse for the zoos own economy,.

China and Russia have not ,despite their enormous claims against the zoos production, have done little or nothing to stem/alleviate the shortfalls in that production.

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From: dvdw©5/15/2019 11:54:58 AM
of 1482
 
What a mess this is, story about Contaminated Crude.......stuck in pipelines and ships.

finance.yahoo.com

Seems clear cut to us, apparently pass the buck is more the fashion.

Supply chains are only as good as their weakest link....attempting to extrapolating responsibility across a whole chain of parties in an attempt to save oneself, may be ok to some, but points to a serious problem of values.

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From: dvdw©6/10/2019 9:00:26 AM
of 1482
 
This article contains content which is full of missing information.
Message 32190562

Some of the questions, not answered include;

A Fracking Company may be only a service provider, different from a well owner, who ultimately derives cash flow from operations from recovered oil, service provider company fortunes are tied to specific variables active in any given period.

My suppose / surmise is that the service providers will routinely come and go in a given window of time.

DUC wells are a key factor in any current equation aimed at holistic understanding.

Connectivity with infrastructure plays a key role. Durations (ebb and flow of active service provider demand) of activity are variables that are disparate too the end goal of well product owners.

The artifact of price, arbs the success or failure of many service providers.

Service Providers have differing risks than producer owners.

The full article is actually about the Intent of large oil companies interest in acquiring acreage at elevated prices. Clearly the whoa is me scenarios painted herein do not differentiate the players adequately enough to take any whole truths away from the statistics proffered.

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From: dvdw©6/20/2019 12:39:50 PM
of 1482
 
Update on Russian oil and gas projects in and around the Zoo.

finance.yahoo.com

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From: dvdw©8/8/2019 10:02:20 AM
of 1482
 
This is a story about forward demand....
wsj.com

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From: DinoNavarre8/20/2019 9:59:20 AM
of 1482
 
Game Changer ???

HYGENIC EARTH ENERGY

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