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To: S. maltophilia who wrote (1384)9/21/2018 8:36:43 AM
From: TimF
   of 1494
American Airlines Adopts Stricter Requirements for Emotional Support Animals

American Airlines will require all passengers traveling with emotional support animals and psychiatric service animals to provide documentation of proof of health or vaccinations a minimum of 48 hours in advance of the departure of a flight effective as of Sunday, July 1, 2018, according to this article which was released yesterday.

In developing the updated requirements, American Airlines consulted with its disability advisory board and disability advocacy groups and organizations — such as My Blind Spot, Incorporated — to ensure that the expanded policy accommodates guests with disabilities. This initiative is all while remaining in compliance with the Air Carrier Access Act. For new flight reservations which are booked on or after Sunday, July 1, 2018, passengers who travel with emotional support and psychiatric service animals must submit three completed documents via e-mail message or fax to American Airlines:

  • Mental Health Professional Form — Currently required, this is a letter issued by a mental health professional or medical doctor approving the use of an emotional support and psychiatric service animals.
  • Animal Behavior Guidelines Form — A signed affidavit affirming the emotional support or psychiatric service animal is trained to behave in public and that the owner accepts all liability for any injuries or damage to property.
  • Animal Sanitation Form — For flights greater than eight hours in duration, documentation is required stating that your animal will not need to relieve itself or can do so in a way that does not create a health or sanitation issue.
  • A Trend in the Commercial Aviation Industry American Airlines follows the lead of Delta Air Lines — and then United Airlines and Alaska Airlines — in being prompted to to strengthen its policies pertaining to passengers who travel with emotional support animals.

    Although most animals do not cause problems, the changes were derived by American Airlines to ensure a safe environment for all passengers and were developed based on a number of recent incidents over the most recent few years during which the inappropriate behavior of emotional support animals has impacted and even injured employees, other passengers and legitimate service animals, as caused by what is described as a steady increase in incidents from animals who have not been adequately trained to behave in a busy airport setting or aboard an airplane.

    The changes do not apply to the policy of American Airlines pertaining to traditional service animals.

    Owners and handlers are required to keep animals traveling with them under their control at all times; and all animals must behave well in a public setting.

    Passengers with tickets purchased after Sunday, July 1, 2018 who do not submit the required documentation a minimum of 48 hours in advance will be offered to fly with their pet under existing policies for travel in the cabin or in the temperature-controlled cargo compartment. Existing fleet and breed restrictions — as well as health certificate requirements — will apply.

    Animals Which are Not Permitted to Travel on American Airlines American Airlines does not accept the following exotic or unusual animals to be misidentified as emotional support animals or psychiatric service animals:
    • Amphibians
    • Hedgehogs
    • Ferrets
    • Goats
    • Insects
    • Reptiles
    • Rodents
    • Snakes
    • Spiders
    • Sugar gliders
    • Non-household birds — farm poultry, waterfowl, game birds, and birds of prey
    • Animals which are improperly cleaned and/or has an odor
    • Animals with tusks, horns, or hooves — except miniature horses that are trained to behave appropriately
    A Reminder of the Definitions of Service Dogs and Emotional Support Animals The official definition of a service animalaccording to the Disability Rights Section of the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice of the United States pertaining to the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA — is as follows:
    Service animals are defined as dogs that are individually trained to do work or perform tasks for people with disabilities. Examples of such work or tasks include guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, reminding a person with mental illness to take prescribed medications, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack, or performing other duties. Service animals are working animals, not pets. The work or task a dog has been trained to provide must be directly related to the person’s disability. Dogs whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as service animals under the ADA.

    This definition does not affect or limit the broader definition of “assistance animal” under the Fair Housing Act or the broader definition of “service animal” under the Air Carrier Access Act.

    Some State and local laws also define service animal more broadly than the ADA does. Information about such laws can be obtained from the State attorney general’s office.
    Additionally, service animals must be harnessed, leashed, or tethered — unless these devices interfere with the intended work of the service animal or the disability of the individual prevents using these devices. In that case, the individual must maintain control of the animal through voice, signal, or other effective controls.

    An emotional support animal is a companion animal which provides therapeutic benefit to an individual designated with a disability — such as depression, bipolar disorder, panic attacks or anxiety as only a few of many examples. While only dogs — and, in a separate provision which need not be discussed here, miniature horses — can be officially designated as service animals, emotional support animals can also be cats and other animals as prescribed by a physician or other medical professional if the owner of the animal has a verifiable disability in accordance with federal law of the United States.

    In order to prevent discrimination by commercial airlines — based both within and outside of the United States — against passengers on the basis of physical or mental disability, the Air Carrier Access Act was passed by the Congress of the United States in 1986; and here are where complaints may be registered against an airline via the official Internet web site of the Aviation Consumer Protection and Enforcement division of the Department of Transportation of the United States.

    Employees of airlines are limited by law to the questions they are permitted to ask owners of animals brought aboard airplanes. Only two questions may be asked by employees of an airline — or of any other company, for that matter pertaining to service animals…
    1. Is the dog a service animal required because of a disability?
    2. What work or task has the dog been trained to perform?
    …and when the service an animal provides is not obvious, an employee of an airline or other company cannot do the following actions without violating federal law:
    • Ask about the nature of the disability of the person
    • Require medical documentation
    • Require a special identification card or training documentation for the dog; or
    • Ask that the dog demonstrate its ability to perform the work or task
    Official Policies of Airlines in the United States A commercial airline is permitted to require a passenger traveling with an emotional support animal provide written documentation that the animal is an emotional support animal — unlike for a service animal. A fee does not apply to service animals of passengers with disabilities — not even on airlines such as Spirit Airlines and Allegiant Air, which are known for their proliferation of ancillary fees.

    Here is a list of airlines with links to their official policies pertaining to animals:
    Inside Take What American Airlines, Alaska Airlines, United Airlines and Delta Air Lines are implementing can be considered a step in the right direction; but although the new requirements may mitigate the number of passengers who attempt to cheat the system — which is not fair to passengers who have legitimate service dogs or emotional support animals — the effort will not be enough to eliminate them, as those passengers who are determined to fraudulently pass their pets as legitimate service dogs or emotional support animals will continue to do so to save money.

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    From: TimF11/6/2018 9:43:48 PM
       of 1494
    Why the World is Running Out of Pilots

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    From: TimF2/20/2019 8:31:52 AM
    1 Recommendation   of 1494
    A Commercial Flight Hit an Absurdly Fast 801 MPH While Flying Over the United States

    A Virgin Atlantic flight making the grueling journey from Los Angeles to London yesterday hit a ground speed of at least 801 mph, thanks to a streak of fast-moving air in the jet stream over Pennsylvania. You’re probably wondering how, as breaking the sound barrier over land is illegal, but despite surpassing the speed required to break the sound barrier, there was no sonic boom.

    And no, the Virgin Atlantic flight wasn’t in some super-special mystery jet that you haven’t heard of. And no, they’re not bringing the Concorde back. Here’s what happened.

    The 801 mph ground speed of the Boeing 787-9 was reported on the flight tracker system Flight Aware, and was tweeted out by meteorology teacher Stu Ostro:

    The typical cruising speed for a plane of this size is only around 560 mph, which is a long way off of the speed of sound’s 767 mph (although the speed of sound does vary based on altitude, air temperature, pressure, and on and on, and that 767 mph figure is based on a reading at sea level under standard conditions).And that’s exactly why there was no sonic boom for this 801 mph flight. I’ll let the Washington Post explain:
    With a speed max currently over central Pennsylvania, airplanes flying through the jet will either be sped up or slowed down big time, depending on their direction of travel. It’s like the moving walkway at the airport. You have your own forward speed, but if you continue this velocity in an environment that is itself moving, it can propel you at an impressive rate.


    Commercial aircraft ordinarily can’t break the sound barrier, because they’re not designed to handle the sudden increase in drag and other aerodynamic effects associated with those speeds. Despite a ground speed that high, the plane didn’t come close to reaching that threshold because it was embedded in the swiftly moving air.?
    So the plane, in this case, was essentially carried along at those speeds by the air around it, so that while it’s ground speed was faster than the speed of sound, its air speed was not. Otherwise the stress of flying near or over the speed of sound would add significant strain on the body of the plane and its control surfaces, and potentially spell disaster. If a plane isn’t meant to go faster than the speed of sound, then it really, really shouldn’t.

    Despite not being in the jet stream over the northeast very long, the plane managed to arrive 48 minutes early in London, and most flights headed east over this area of North America are expected to have shorter flight times in the coming days. Of course, any flight going the other direction will either have to fight the wind or go around, so they’re expected to have longer flight times.

    The jet streams winds are typically faster-moving in the winter, the Post reports, because of the maximized temperature differences between the northern and southern parts of North America...

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    To: TimF who wrote (1462)2/20/2019 2:18:11 PM
    From: elpolvo
       of 1494
    airspeed... groundspeed... godspeed...
    it's all relative...

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    From: TimF9/2/2019 1:21:02 PM
       of 1494

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    From: TimF9/17/2019 8:08:08 PM
       of 1494
    Boeing's China Problem

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    To: cruisingtime who wrote (1453)9/20/2019 4:13:42 AM
    From: backpackerstephen
       of 1494

    Since it sounds like you are renting your own boat you have a ton of options. It really depends on what you are looking for. The places you mentioned are all great. (I haven't been to Makarska but have heard good things). But they are all pretty popular. There are a lot of islands where you can get off the beaten track if that is how you want to travel. Split is a must in my opinion. It is one of my favorite places in Croatia.

    If you are wanting a sailing tour there are a few companies I know. Busabout does a sailing Croatia tour. But it is geared more towards backpackers. There are also a lot of tour agents where you can find a tour to meet your needs.

    This is a great post for reading about the best islands in Croatia that might give you some more insight.

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    To: TimF who wrote (1462)9/20/2019 4:16:45 AM
    From: backpackerstephen
       of 1494
    Wow! This is insane! Thanks for sharing. I wonder what it would have been like to be on that plane. lol

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    To: TimF who wrote (1449)9/20/2019 4:19:15 AM
    From: backpackerstephen
       of 1494
    wow! I fly international a lot. Roughly 50 times a year. And this has always been a fear of mine. That employee should get a bous.

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    To: backpackerstephen who wrote (1468)9/20/2019 11:25:37 AM
    From: TimF
       of 1494
    I didn't have a drunk pilot taken off the plane, but I did have a situation where the pilot caused a big delay and the airline let us know about it. They announced that the pilot thought he wasn't working that day, and didn't make it in for the flight, that they were going to get another pilot but the one they picked was coming in on an international flight and had to clear customs first.

    Usually businesses won't broadcast something like that but I also had a case where I was arriving late to a hotel and no one was there to check me in. The hotel was on a beach island and I was staying there in the off season (for work nearby not to hang out on a cold beach). There was a number to call, apparently the one employee who lived on the island. She arrived and was rather annoyed at her coworker and let me know about it. Apparently the coworker thought that everyone booked for the night had arrived (they also screwed up my reservation, more on that below) and left hours early but put in her time as if she had left at something like midnight or 1 AM when she was supposed to leave.

    So after a wait I get checked in, then they charged me for two stays. The employee who showed up creating a new booking for me, leaving their messed up reservation in the system. And they didn't wait until checkout to start charging. Unlike now, at the time I barely had any spare capacity on the card. I barely had money to eat, and I wondered whether I'd be sleeping in my car at my next stop or trying to call relatives and ask if they would pay for the hotel room. (The company pays for the rooms but only after I submit and expense report later not up front.) But finally I got them to refund the extra money. In fact I think they refunded a bit too much.

    I've had my reservation messed up at another hotel once. This time they had the start right but not the end. I got back from my work site and they had taken all my stuff out of the room and put it in to storage. But they admitted there mistake, and gave me another room. No upgrade but I did get a free dinner at the hotel's restaurant.

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