|June 18, 1999 |
General Zhang Wannian, returning to Beijing from a high-powered ten-day visit to Russia told Xinhua news agency that the two countries had reached an "extensive consensus." Xinhua stated that Zhang's talks in Moscow were a "major step toward the establishment of the strategic cooperative partnership."
According to Russian military sources, Zhang said in Moscow that China intended to keep buying the latest Russian equipment, including military aviation and radar, submarines, ships and cruise missiles, Muzi Lateline News reports. Western military experts say Russia and China are involved in cooperation and research projects over the next five years, estimated to be worth between five and six billion dollars. - China Reform Monitor No. 215, June 23, 1999
June 20, 1999
U.S. and European intelligence agencies are reporting mounting evidence that Russia and China have massively violated the 1972 Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention and subsequent international and bilateral agreements to control biowarfare weapons.
The convention, signed by 169 nations, prohibits the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer or use of chemical and biological weapons. All signatories with biowarfare arsenals pledged to eliminate such weapons over 10 years. While Russia and China appear to have ceased adding to their huge stockpiles of chemical weapons, both are developing new strains of highly lethal biological toxins.
According to Ken Alibek, a former deputy director of the top secret Soviet-era biowarfare program, who defected to the West, Moscow never ended its offensive biological warfare research. Alibek claims Russia has stockpiled many hundreds of tons of anthrax and plague, as well as smaller quantities of smallpox, Ebola and Marburg virus, and toxins designed to attack plants and animals. Russia is also developing a new strain of "invisible" biowarfare agents, known as bioregulators, that destroy the body's immune or neurological systems.
The Clinton administration, influenced by the strongly pro-Russian Strobe Talbot, has repeatedly rejected demands by Congress to cut off billions in U.S. aid in order to pressure Moscow into ceasing its illegal biowarfare programs. Europe, which also bankrolls Boris Yeltsin's regime, has been similarly negligent in pressing Moscow on this vital issue. - Another doomsday clock is ticking, ticking, Toronto Sun, Eric Margolis, Toronto Sun, 06/20/99 (Biological Warfare, China, Russia)
June 21, 1999
Moscow has decided to sell 72 of its front-line Sukhoi-30 jet fighter-bombers to Beijing, the Hong Kong Standard reports. Russian diplomats say that President Boris Yeltsin has given permission to sell China three squadrons of the state of the art combat aircraft. In addition, negotiations have begun for Moscow to grant a license for the production of another 250 Sukhoi-30 fighters in China. - Beijing Buys Russian Sukhoi-30 Aircraft, China Times, CNA, 06/22/99 (China-Russia Policy, Arms Deals)
June 22, 1999
* [Bill] Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin agreed in Cologne, Germany, on Sunday to continue talks this fall on possible changes to the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. The pact prohibits deploying missile defenses that protect either side's entire national territory. White House National Security Adviser Samuel R. Berger told reporters in Cologne that a U.S. national missile-defense deployment decision will not be made before June 2000. Mr. Berger also said the administration softened its position on first requiring Russia's parliament to ratify the START II nuclear arms treaty before moving ahead with a START III pact. Negotiators will report to Mr. Clinton and Mr. Yeltsin by July 30 on a new arms pact. As for Mr. Clinton and Mr. Yeltsin's ABM talks: "What they have agreed to is to consider possible changes in the strategic situation that have a bearing on the ABM Treaty," Mr. Berger told reporters. Mr. Berger said that verbal formulation means, "in English," that U.S. and Russian officials will talk about a new strategic arms reduction treaty, or START III, and "modifications to the ABM treaty that may be occasioned by a national missile defense system, if we were to deploy one."....Senior White House officials have said the missile defense bill does not require deployment because it lacks language about funding, and because of several minor amendments added by Democrats...." THE WASHINGTON TIMES 6/22/99 Bill Gertz
June 23, 1999
China is happy with the constant improvement in Sino-Russian ties, China's second ranking leader said on Tuesday.
''China is pleased to see Sino-Russian exchange and cooperation in politics, economy, culture and other areas have been growing constantly,'' the China Daily quoted parliament chief Li Peng as saying.
Mr Li said China's parliament was ready to advance ties with Russia's Federation Council and State Duma to push forward bilateral relations.
Russian analysts say the two countries are working overtime to use the relationship to build strategic clout and chip away at the US's role as the world's only superpower. - Li 'pleased' with Sino-Russian ties, South China Morning Post, Reuters, 06/23/99 (China-Russia Policy)
June 28, 1999
At a Beijing symposium on Sino-Russian cooperation, China's parliament chief, Li Peng, told Oleg Korolyov, vice-chairman of Russia's State Council, that the two countries have "forged a partnership of strategic partnership geared toward the 21st Century," Reuters reports. Russian analysts say the two countries are working overtime to use the relationship to build strategic clout and chip away at the U.S.'s role as the world's only superpower. - China Reform Monitor No. 217, June 28, 1999
According to intelligence sources and government agency documents, China is operating a sophisticated electronic espionage network against the United States in Cuba, the Miami El Nuevo Herald reports. Two major Chinese electronics bases have been built under an agreement signed last February during a visit to Havana by Chinese Defense Minister Chi Haotian: an antenna farm at Santiago de Cuba - dedicated mainly to intercepting U.S. military satellite communications, and in the Bejucal complex, the Chinese have set up a telephone communications interception system.
"For China, the use of Cuba as an electronic listening post is of tremendous importance, because it means they are situated strategically in the rear guard of the United States, said a former U.S. intelligence official. U.S. agency reports obtained by Nuevo Herald state that in recent weeks Cuba has been using powerful equipment to interfere with high frequency bands "like it never has before," including air-traffic radio communications in New York. The FCC reports, "The Cubans are interfering with air traffic control communications and are also making false aeronautical transmissions to Air Traffic Control in New York." This interference, picked up by U.S. monitoring services, was traced to sources southeast of Havana.
The Chinese bases are in addition to the newly-expanded Russian electronic intelligence complex at Lourdes, which monitors the entire United States and trans-Atlantic communications. - China Reform Monitor No. 217, June 28, 1999
Back in July 1999, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said she was concerned about the Chinese missile transfers to North Korea. - NewsMax.Com 1/6/00 on reports by the Times
July 14, 1999
Deutch and Arlan Spector came out with their report of the Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (the Deutch-Specter Commission). – Freeper Thanatos 2/1/00
"August 1999, Russian missile maker Zvezda displayed their weapon version of the MA-31, the KH-31, arming Sukhoi bombers being sold to India and China. The KH-31 missiles were also displayed at the August 1999 Moscow airshow and were offered to a wide variety of developing countries. Zvezda has already made large sales of the Kh-35 Switchblade (Harpoonsky) missile to India and Algeria. Future customers under pressure from Zvezda weapons merchants include Vietnam, Cuba and Iran."
"Nor was Zvezda alone at the recent Moscow weapons fair. Russian missile maker Mashinostroyenia displayed their latest anti-ship super-sonic cruise missile the "Yakhont." The Yakhont is described as a Mach 2, anti-ship, with a weight of 5,600 lbs. The Yakhont was displayed for sale along-side of the Sukhoi SU-27K Naval fighter." - NAVY CONFIRMS RUSSIAN MISSILE BUY Charles Smith, SOFTWAR, Sept. 13, 1999
August 17, 1999
On Aug. 17, 1999, the disinformation campaign officially kicked off with Vrooman dropping his bombshell on the Post's front page that Lee was suspected largely for ethnic reasons, and that the case against him was "built on thin air." ……… What's more, Vrooman charged that the secrets Lee was suspected of compromising -- the design of the prized W-88 miniaturized nuclear warhead -- had been disseminated to private contractors and "hundreds of locations throughout the U.S. government." In other words, the leaks didn't necessarily come from Los Alamos. ......,Who is Robert Vrooman? None other than the chief of counterintelligence at Los Alamos when all the espionage allegedly took place; the chief of counterspying when all the Chinese spies were allegedly running amok. ………"Vrooman was a failure as head of CI at Los Alamos," Notra Trulock, former head of Energy counterintelligence, told me recently. "He was and still is on the Los Alamos payroll, and so has a vested interest in dismissing any allegations about espionage at Los Alamos on his watch." ………Not exactly an unbiased source. Yet Vrooman has been quoted or cited in no less than 15 Washington Post articles since August 1999. All written by Vernon Loeb, Walter Pincus, or both. …… WorldNetDaily 10/11/00 Paul Sperry
August 28, 1999
BEIJING, Aug 28 (AFP) - Chinese President Jiang Zemin stressed "global multi-polarization" at a meeting with Russian Vice-Prime Minister Ilya Klebanov here Saturday, the Xinhua news agency said.
He said China and Russia, as close neighbors and permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, had to strive to "establish a just and rational new political and economic order" in the world, the state-run news agency reported.
The report said Jiang emphasised that "at this historical moment of the turning of the century, peace and development are the major themes and the world is moving toward multi-polarization which is irrevocable." "China and Russia are developing a strategic cooperative partnership of long-term stability, good-neighborliness, mutually-beneficial cooperation, equality, and mutual trust," it said. - Chinese President Meets Russian Vice-Prime Minister, China Times, AFP, 08/29/99 (China-Russia Policy, Jiang, Klebanov)
September 3, 1999
The CIA and other U.S. intelligence agencies are engaged in a crash effort to analyze the growing ties between Russia and China. A major intelligence estimate is being drawn up at the request of CIA Director George J. Tenet.
The estimate is being prompted by the growing relations between Moscow and Beijing after the two found common ground in opposing NATO's war in the Balkans. The most eye-opening events have been China's acquisition of military hardware and technology from Russia.
Last month, Moscow announced an agreement with Beijing to buy 40 new Su-30 fighter-bombers worth about $2 billion. The Su-30 is an advanced version of the Su-27. China purchased 76 Su-27s and also has a license to produce the aircraft.
China has spent about $6 billion on Russian weapons under a 1992 military cooperation agreement. Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough, NATION;INSIDE THE RING. , The Washington Times, 09-03-1999, pp A6
Other deals [with Russia] include China's purchase of four Kilo submarines and six S-300 air-defense systems that have some capability of shooting down short-range missiles. The Chinese also have contracted to buy two Russian Sovremenny class missile destroyers equipped with SSN-22 Sunburn missiles that were designed to kill U.S. ships, according to Pentagon officials.
Hong Kong newspapers reported this week that Russia plans to sell China two Typhoon class ballistic-missile submarines. But a Chinese government spokesman has denied the report.
Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough, NATION;INSIDE THE RING. , The Washington Times, 09-03-1999, pp A6
September 13, 1999
* "U.S. Navy Undersecretary Buchanan has confirmed that the U.S. Navy will continue to purchase MA-31 super-sonic target missiles from Russian missile maker ZVEZDA despite admissions the MA-31 cannot meet the necessary range specifications. In a letter to Senator Lugar, Secretary Buchanan stated the "the MA-31 is available from the Boeing company and emulates more challenging threat characteristics than the VANDAL." However, U.S. Navy officials, responding to a SOFTWAR Freedom of Information request (FOIA), have confirmed the MA-31 does not meet the requirements for the U.S.N. super sonic sea skimming (SSST) target program. "It can only fly 16 miles on the deck," stated a U.S.N. program manger for the MA-31 program."
"The contradiction between actual performance and the support from the Clinton administration remains unexplained. Boeing officials again refused to comment on the MA-31 drone project with Zvezda. Repeated phone calls to Boeing have not been returned. Secretary Buchanan has also turned down a Softwar request for an interview."
* "Under pressure from the FOIA request, U.S. Navy managers denied any knowledge of allegations of corruption regarding the payments for the Russian missiles, which according to Janes Defense, include a 28% fee for the Russian Generals. Navy officials also denied knowing about the recent allegations against Boeing that they intend to help the Russians improve the range and market the missile to third world nations."
"It appears that a limited number of the Russian missiles may be purchased by the U.S. Navy to simulate possible threats from future Zvezda sales."
"However, the U.S. Navy funding also supports the "grow your own threat" theory of war. The fact that the Clinton administration funded the Russian missile maker long enough for it NOT to go out of business has created a new threat. Navy contract monies sent to Zvezda through Boeing are being used to proliferate (sell) Russian weapons on the open market."
"Representative Bob Barr recently introduced an amendment to the House seeking a ban on funding Zvezda. The amendment is under review."
NAVY CONFIRMS RUSSIAN MISSILE BUY Charles Smith, SOFTWAR, Sept. 13, 1999
September 17, 1999
* The Pentagon's Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) recently reported that the latest shuffling of top officials in the Kremlin has brought to power a key official supported by organized crime groups.
The DIA concluded in one report: "Key Russian organized crime figures are pleased with the appointment and subsequent actions of new Interior Minister Rushaylo. High opinion of Rushaylo suggests he will not actively investigate the most powerful criminal organizations, despite Moscow's announced plans to pursue organized crime."
Bill Gertz, THE WASHINGTON TIMES With Rowan Scarborough]MOSCOW MAFIA WATCH
October, 1999In October 1999, U.S. intelligence agencies reported China had supplied fiber-optic gyroscopes to North Korea several months earlier. - NewsMax.Com 1/6/00 on reports by the Times
In October 1999, the Pentagon reported North Korea's long-range Taepo Dong missile, tested in August 1998, could be used in a missile crisis. - NewsMax.Com 1/6/00 on reports by the Times
According to an October 1999 "Intelligence Assessment" prepared by the U.S. military's Southern Command, Li Ka-Shing is indeed a "threat" to the Panama Canal. "Hutchison Whampoa's owner, Hong Kong tycoon, Li Ka-Shing, has extensive business ties in Beijing and has compelling financial reasons to maintain a good relationship with China's leadership," states the 1999 assessment. "For example, Hutchison Whampoa could threaten to shift some business from Panama to its facilities in the Bahamas, thus giving the company additional leverage over the Panamanian government." Moreover, said the U.S. military intelligence report, "Hutchison's containerized shipping facilities in the Panama Canal, as well as the Bahamas, could provide a conduit for illegal shipments of technology or prohibited items from the west to the PRC, or facilitate the movement of arms and other prohibited items into the Americas." …. WorldNetDaily 1/18/2000 Charles Smith
October 2, 1999
* (Reuters) "The Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, a Pacific Fleet atomic submarine (Delta-3 by NATO classification)...successfully launched a ballistic missile from an underwater position in the Okhotsk Sea," a navy press statement said. The Navy press release said Russia launched another submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) of the same type on Friday, the first time it had tested an SLBM since the beginning of the year. It also carried out a test launch of a land-based Topol ballistic missile from the Arctic testing ground of Plesetsk on the same day. The missile had been on duty for more than 14 years, much longer than originally planned."
Russia launches third ballistic missile in two days, Russia Today, Reuters 3 Oct., 1999
October 27, 1999
The Russian Pacific Fleet destroyer Burny and missile cruiser Varyag will visit the port of Shanghai on Oct. 2-6 to mark China's 50th anniversary and the 50th anniversary of Russian-Chinese diplomatic relations, said Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo. During the visit, the two Russian vessels will hold joint exercises with ships from China's Eastern Fleet. - 2/10/00 Freeper InfraRed
November 24, 1999
Unlike the deals on the Su-27, which restricted the selling of advanced weaponry equipped with the plane to the mainland, Moscow has now agreed on a full list of weapons that can arm the Su-30MK.
Beijing's military moguls have been given the option of selecting the hardware they want.
The list includes middle-range air-air missiles (AAM) R-27ER, R-27ET and RVV-AE and middle- and long-range air-surface missiles Kh-29L/T, Kh-31 and Kh-59M. - 2/10/00 Freeper InfraRed
The latest [missile technology] shipment was arranged by China through a Hong Kong company only two weeks ago, according to an intelligence report passed to the White House in late December 1999 by the National Security Agency. - NewsMax.Com 1/6/00 on reports by the Times
Dec. 9, 1999
A CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter on a training flight crashes 15 miles off the San Diego shore, killing seven Marines from Miramar Naval Air Station. The Associated Press 4/9/00
December 25, 1999
A destroyer in Russia was delivered to China's navy on Saturday, the Russian constructor said.
The destroyer was built by a Russian armaments company, Rosvooruzheny, after a contract for two destroyers was signed with China in 1997. - 2/10/00 Freeper InfraRed
January 2, 2000
A LONG-RANGE missile fast enough to catch any combat fighter in the world is being developed jointly by Russia and China, according to British Aerospace.
BAe, one of the two rival companies bidding for a £700 million contract to equip the Eurofighter with its own advanced air-to-air missiles, said the missile could be in production as early as 2005. It has a "ram jet" propulsion system, giving a range of 50 miles and a speed of Mach 3. - 2/10/00 Freeper InfraRed
January 4, 2000
Intelligence report says China plans to buy more warplanes, ships, and subs from Russia Source: ChinaOnline News Tue Jan 4,2000 -- China is reportedly in negotiations to purchase more fighter aircraft, destroyers and submarines from Russia, according to the latest issue of Jane's Defence Weekly. Citing "diplomatic sources in Beijing," JDW said China is seeking to buy 40 more Su-30MKK fighters, two or three upgraded Kilo-class submarines and two or three more Sovremenny-class destroyers. "Such assets would considerably enhance China's area denial capabilities," JDW noted, "especially in the East China Sea where serious tensions exist with Taiwan." - 2/10/00 Freeper InfraRed