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   PastimesArchaeology


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From: TimF5/28/2020 9:48:12 PM
5 Recommendations   of 6392
 
Archaeologists in Norway are about to dig up a Viking ship
The Gjellestad ship is roughly 1,200 years old.
arstechnica.com

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From: Brumar896/10/2020 12:45:55 PM
1 Recommendation   of 6392
 
Jews and Arabs Descended from Canaanites DNA analysis, from bodies found at several sites, explains more than half of ancestry

Jonathan Laden June 10, 2020

After examining the DNA of 93 bodies recovered from archaeological sites around the southern Levant, the land of Canaan in the Bible, researchers have concluded that modern populations of the region are descendants of the ancient Canaanites. Most modern Jewish groups and the Arabic-speaking groups from the region show at least half of their ancestry as Canaanite.

In the study, published in Cell, the researchers explain that they used existing DNA analysis of 20 individuals, from sites in Israel and Lebanon, and then added 73 more, taking DNA from the bones of individuals found at Tel Megiddo, Tel Abel Beth Maacah and Tel Hazor (Northern Israel), Yehud (central Israel) and Baq’ah (central Jordan). By first eliminating individuals closely related to other individuals in the sample, then comparing the remaining 62 DNA samples against a dataset of 1,663 modern individuals, they were able to establish the genetic link to the modern populations. The ethnic groups either still living where Canaan once dominated, or from that area prior to moving elsewhere, are largely descended from the Canaanites.

Canaanite relief in basat depicting a lion and a lioness at play, 14th century BC, from Beit She’an, Israel Museum, Jerusalem (Wikimedia commons)

Canaanite culture was dominant in the Southern Levant during the Bronze Age (3,500-1,200 B.C.E.) As Iron Age I began, the Canaanite city-states faded. The Israelites self-identified as a separate group. As Volkmar Fritz speculates in Israelites and Canaanites, the Israelites may have formed distinct living arrangements, establishing small villages on peripheral land not previously settled and living mostly in four-room houses. Ultimately, the Israelites formed the states of Israel and Judah, while other biblical states, Ammon, Moab, Aram-Damascus, and Phoenician city-states, emerged. Today, the region consists of Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, and southwest Syria.

The study in Cell not only establishes that the ancient Israelites were descended from the Canaanites, but also establishes that the Canaanite people across the separate city-states of the southern Levant, and over a period of 1,500 years, were a genetically cohesive people.

biblicalarchaeology.org

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To: Brumar89 who wrote (6320)6/10/2020 3:19:09 PM
From: Valuepro
   of 6392
 
Interesting, but is not this what was thought of Semitic peoples anyway, or is that too broad a class? Thanks in advance if you can comment.

VP

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To: Brumar89 who wrote (6320)6/10/2020 4:13:43 PM
From: Stan
   of 6392
 
That would not be inconsistent with the Biblical record WRT the Israelites because Judges chapter 3:5-6 records this: "The sons of Israel (AKA Jacob) lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods."

However, I would say that that article is not the full story because not all the Israelites (without exclusion) would have done that.

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To: Stan who wrote (6322)6/10/2020 4:18:37 PM
From: DMaA
   of 6392
 
Using genetic records to recreate migratory patterns has some utility but it is very complex and easily misinterpreted.

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To: Stan who wrote (6322)6/10/2020 5:55:43 PM
From: Brumar89
   of 6392
 
Most modern Jewish groups and the Arabic-speaking groups from the region show at least half of their ancestry as Canaanite.

For the larger picture, "at least half of their ancestry as Canaanite" is close enough imo.

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To: Valuepro who wrote (6321)6/10/2020 5:57:19 PM
From: Brumar89
   of 6392
 
Semitic peoples would be a much larger class, I think, and would include peoples outside the region.

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To: Brumar89 who wrote (6325)6/10/2020 7:48:28 PM
From: Valuepro
   of 6392
 
Yes, in looking deeper into the subject I see that "Semitic" - in modern times - refers to people who share the same roots for their languages. That takes in a lot of geography. More commonly, it mistakenly refers to Jewish people alone.

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To: Valuepro who wrote (6326)6/11/2020 10:30:43 AM
From: DMaA
   of 6392
 
refers to people who share the same roots for their languages.

Just like "Indo-European" refers to people who share a family of languages. Who may or may not be genetically closely related.

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From: Brumar896/14/2020 7:02:29 PM
2 Recommendations   of 6392
 
Solomon, Socrates and AristotleIn the earliest Biblical painting, Greek philosophers admire the king’s wisdom

Theodore Feder June 12, 2020
Read Theodore Feder’s article “Solomon, Socrates and Aristotle” as it originally appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2008. The article was first republished in Bible History Daily in October 2012.—Ed.

Is it possible that the earliest existing picture of a scene from the Bible also includes the philosophers Socrates and Aristotle as onlookers? It is not only possible; I believe that is the case.

The earliest depiction of a Biblical scene comes from a site that is perhaps better known to some for its erotic art than for its religious devotions: Pompeii. The city was buried in volcanic ash in 79 A.D. following the eruption of nearby Mt. Vesuvius. It was a devastating tragedy for Pompeii’s residents but a boon to modern scholars and art historians.

In the building known as the House of the Physician, excavators found a wall painting clearly depicting King Solomon seated on a raised tribunal and flanked by two counselors. As described in the Bible, two women have come to the Israelite monarch, each claiming to be the mother of the same infant. When Solomon orders the baby to be divided in half, the real mother, shown at the foot of the dais, pleads with him to spare the child and announces her willingness to relinquish her claim. The other woman is shown standing by the butcher block on which the infant has been placed. As a soldier raises an axe to do the king’s bidding, she seizes what she believes will be her portion, saying, according to the Biblical text, “Let it be neither mine, nor thine, but divide it.” It is obvious who the real mother is. The child is given to her unharmed as soldiers and observers look on, marveling at Solomon’s wisdom (1 Kings 3:16–28).

Pleading for her baby’s life, a woman kneels at the feet of King Solomon and relinquishes her claim to the contested child, thus identifying herself as the real mother of the infant in 1 Kings 3:16–28. Nearby a soldier prepares to follow the king’s order to cut the baby in two, while another woman, also claiming to be the mother, stands ready to take her half. This Roman wall painting from the House of the Physician in Pompeii is the earliest known depiction of a Biblical scene—a surprising find in a city better known for its brothels and erotic art than its religious paintings. So who was the person that commissioned this painting: a Jew, a Christian or a gentile? Photo: Scala/Art Resource, NY.

The wall painting has now been removed and is on exhibit at the Museo Nazionale in Naples. While it is therefore well known to scholars, it has not previously been noted that this is the earliest depiction of a full-fledged Biblical scene known to us!

biblicalarchaeology.org

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