|To: Elroy Jetson who wrote (46740)||2/28/2019 3:23:51 AM|
|FCC Chairman Ajit Pai says US tops all other countries in 5G technology race|
The head of the Federal Communications Commission says the U.S. is leading the world in the development and deployment of 5G technology.
"In my view, we're in the lead with respect to 5G," FCC Chairman Ajit Pai said to the Wall Street Journal in a interview during which he expressed his pleasure with the way telecommunications companies are developing the infrastructure necessary for the new wave of mobile broadband across the country.
The administration has viewed the deployment of the technology as a step in safeguarding national security interests. In the middle of the race for 5G is a technological competition with China for global 5G supremacy.
The Mobile World Congress in Barcelona has proved to be a theater for that 5G race with international delegations sent from around the world ready to begin partnership talks. The FCC chairman, who forms part of the U.S. delegation sent to Barcelona, has been jockeying potential suitors and is meeting with allies to set a contractual framework putting U.S. companies at the forefront of global deployment of 5G technology. At the conference, Chinese telecommunication giant Huawei unveiled their new 5G-capable devices and announced a 5G partnership with the United Arab Emirates.
“It’s much more of a concrete discussion now because we really are on the doorstep of 5G deployments at scale,” Pai said. “In past years, when 5G was much more of an abstraction to some, I suppose both the potential and challenges of 5G networks weren’t as concretely presented to regulators and businesspeople alike.”
Both the federal government and firms in the U.S. technology industry have been spurred by Trump to ramp up the production of 5G-capable technologies and the deployment of the 5G broadband networks across the country. Last week, the president expressed that he wanted more U.S. companies to move towards the adoption of 5G technology or risk "getting left behind."
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|From: TimF||3/5/2019 9:36:51 AM|
|Apple Plans to Close Stores in Eastern District of Texas in Fight Against Patent Trolls [Updated] |
Friday February 22, 2019 7:30 am PST by Joe Rossignol
Apple plans to close both of its retail stores within the Eastern District of Texas in a few months from now in an effort to protect itself from patent trolls, according to five sources familiar with the matter.
Apple Willow Bend in Plano, Texas and Apple Stonebriar in Frisco, Texas, both located in the northern suburbs of Dallas, are expected to permanently close in mid April. One source said each store's final day of business will be Friday, April 12. Employees were briefed about the plans earlier this week.
To continue to serve the region, Apple plans to open a new store at the Galleria Dallas shopping mall in Dallas, just outside the Eastern District of Texas border. One source said the store will open Saturday, April 13.
The plans are significant, as U.S. law states that patent infringement lawsuits may be filed "where the defendant has committed acts of infringement and has a regular and established place of business." By closing its stores in Eastern Texas, Apple is ending its established place of business in the district.
Residency is also a factor in determining the applicable venue of a patent infringement lawsuit, but in May 2017, the Supreme Court shifted precedent by ruling that a U.S. corporation resides only in its state of incorporation. Apple is incorporated in California, not Texas, satisfying this clause.
The Eastern District of Texas has been a hotbed for patent litigation over the past few decades due to well-established rules for patent infringement cases, experienced judges, lower probability of cases being transferred to another district, and quicker jury verdicts, according to a SMU Dedman School of Law paper.
Patent infringement lawsuits against Apple will likely shift to U.S. district courts in Northern California and Delaware.
Fortunately, we're hearing that the plans, while inconvenient, are not too detrimental for employees. One source said Apple has offered employees opportunities to transfer to other stores, work from home for AppleCare, or severance to those who are not interested in working at another Apple location.
Apple has yet to publicly announce the plans. We reached out to Apple for comment late Thursday but have yet to hear back.
Update: Apple has confirmed the impending store closures in a statement issued to TechCrunch:
We're making a major investment in our stores in Texas, including significant upgrades to NorthPark Center, Southlake and Knox Street. With a new Dallas store coming to the Dallas Galleria this April, we've made the decision to consolidate stores and close Apple Stonebriar and Apple Willow Bend. All employees from those stores will be offered positions at the new Dallas store or other Apple locations.Apple did not provide a specific reason for the store closures beyond consolidation.
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|From: elmatador||3/15/2019 2:48:04 AM|
|‘Nextel All Over Again’ Bets All on FCC Blessing Spectrum Reuse|
Posted March 13, 2019, 11:31 AM
A telecom startup that’s staked its future on airwaves licenses it bought five years ago for $100 million is poised to get a major boost from the Federal Communications Commission to enter the lucrative broadband business.
Electric utilities, manufacturers, and transportation giants, including United Parcel Service and freight railroads, currently use the airwaves for dispatch radio communications. But pdvWireless, headed by the co-founders of Nextel Communications Inc., hopes to convince the FCC that opening up some of the airwaves for broadband use will not only benefit itself—allowing it to launch private LTE networks for businesses that use the spectrum—but is also in the public interest.
The agency will vote at its March 15 meeting to consider permitting broadband operations on the airwaves, located in the 900 megahertz (MHz) band, in response to pdvWireless’ petition filed in 2014. If the proposal is adopted, the FCC will seek public comment.
“We believe that realigning the 900 MHz band will create opportunities for robust broadband networks that fully support critical communication systems and that ensure the low latency and ultra-high reliability required by electric and other utilities,” the FCC said in its draft proposal.
If pdvWireless gets the FCC’s blessing, it would be the latest example of the agency agreeing to modify spectrum uses in response to the lobbying of a particular company. It could also be a gold mine for pdvWireless’ shareholders and its leaders, CEO Morgan O’Brien and Chairman Brian McAuley, who employed a similar business model with Nextel in the 1980s and 1990s.
Shares of pdvWireless jumped to their highest point this year when the FCC announced last month that it would consider broadband use on the airwaves.
“This is Nextel all over again—take useless spectrum, change how it’s being used, and make a ton of money out of it,” said Roger Entner, founder of telecom research firm Recon Analytics.
Ventures like pdvWireless’ have encountered resistance at the FCC before. LightSquared, which sought the FCC’s permission in the early 2010s to use satellite airwaves to launch a national wireless network, fell into bankruptcy after encountering fierce resistance from the Department of Defense and the global positioning system (GPS) industry over interference concerns.
Spectrum PlayO’Brien and McAuley helped build Nextel into a multi-billion dollar company by buying up radio-dispatch airwaves licenses used by taxi and delivery drivers, and then getting the FCC’s approval to offer digital wireless services on the spectrum. Nextel and its spectrum holdings were sold to Sprint Corp. for $35 billion in 2005.
At the helm of pdvWireless a decade later, O’Brien and McAuley bought back 900 MHz airwaves licenses from Sprint for $100 million and petitioned the FCC to open up broadband operations on the band. pdvWireless argues that its planned private LTE network will bring significant benefits for utilities, such as the deployment of smart grid technology, while also protecting radio communications uses.
“We identified spectrum that is underutilized and asked the FCC to modernize the rules so the spectrum can be liberated and support new technology, and new competition,” O’Brien said in an interview.
LightSquared 2.0?Utilities and other entities that currently use the airwaves are split on pdvWireless’ plan, which would designate some 900 MHz airwaves for broadband use while leaving other parts of the band available for radio communications.
Supporters, including Southern Co., argue that pdvWireless’ plans would create more competition to the nation’s wireless providers in the enterprise space. Verizon Communications Inc., AT&T Inc. and other telecom giants devote most of their resources toward consumers, leaving open the possibility that a utility’s broadband connection will be slowed if there’s network congestion.
Other 900 MHz band users are urging the FCC to be cautious.
The Critical Infrastructure Coalition, which includes the Texas-based utility Lower Colorado River Authority and energy company NextEra Energy Inc., have raised concerns that allowing broadband use on the airwaves could disrupt radio communications during natural disasters, including hurricanes and flash floods.
Coalition members also want the FCC to ensure that they would have a fair shot to acquire broadband spectrum licenses to launch their own broadband networks if some of the spectrum is repurposed, instead of having to do business with pdvWireless.
Telecom watchers said the FCC will likely allow broadband use on the 900 MHz airwaves, as long as it finds it’s in the public interest, and wouldn’t cause radio interference.
“Unused spectrum is a lot less useful than used spectrum and if somebody makes a lot of money while doing that they don’t mind,” Entner said, referring to the FCC.
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|From: Peter Ecclesine||3/21/2019 8:50:25 AM|
|The Real Powerhouses That Drive the World’s Economy|
It’s not nation states or even cities, but mega-regions—combinations of multiple metro areas—that are the real forces powering the global economy.
By RICHARD FLORIDA, Feb 28 2019
When world leaders, economists, and pundits talk about global economic power, they usually talk about nation-states. That’s how we typically tally up economic power, rating and ranking nations on their gross domestic product. Today, economists and business analysts talk about when China will overtake the United States as world’s largest economy (based on at least one measure of purchasing power parity it already has).
But this obsession with nation-states does not fit the reality of today’s highly-clustered knowledge economy, centered in and around global cities. And, it’s not just individual cities and metropolitan areas that power the world economy. Increasingly, the real driving force is larger combinations of cities and metro areas called mega-regions.
Back in 1961, the economic geographer Jean Gottmann coined the term “megalopolis” to describe the emerging economic hub that stretched from Boston to Washington, D.C. The term came to be applied to a number of regions in the world, including the vast Midwestern megalopolis that extends from Chicago, through Detroit and Cleveland, and south to Pittsburgh, which Gottmann dubbed “Chi-Pitts.”
But mega-regions are hard to identify using traditional data sources. About a decade and a half ago it dawned on me that you can actually see mega-regionslike the Boston-New York-Washington corridor when you pass over them in a plane at night. So my colleagues and I undertook a project to identify the world’s mega-regions from these satellite images of the world at night.
But now, much improved night-light data has become available from satellites—data that gives us a better look at the world’s mega-regions. My colleague Fabio Dias, a computer imaging expert in the University of Toronto’s School of Cities, extracted the improved light data from these new satellites, which we analyzed with our colleague Patrick Adler. The new data, referred to as Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) and developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (or NOAA), are a huge advancement compared to older satellite images.
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|To: Peter Ecclesine who wrote (46748)||3/22/2019 5:16:47 AM|
This is indeed true. A few examples in Brazil are of metropolitan conurbation.
Where a road between two cities became an avenue.
For example: Rio distant 400Km from Sao Paulo, is slowly becoming a hyper metropolitan area.
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