|<My ignorance goes farther than I imagined>|
It's not you. Few outside one of the major gas producing basins know about anything about such things. We didn't before buying this place in late 2008.
A direct line run from a nearby well, has to include the following equipment - on the line - to process & control the flow of gas before it enters you home.
1. A "Liquid Dryer" to remove water vapor, and natural gas liquids like propane & butane. If not removed, NG liquids will build up carbon deposits on the heat exchanger of the gas furnace. In a few years, efficiency of the furnace drops significantly. The exchanger has to be replaced at considerable cost. Not a plan...))
Liquid Dryer is basically a small cast iron tank. It's 1/2 filled with ordinary automotive anti-freeze. The anti-freeze removes unwanted liquid residues with only dry gas entering your home systems. Once installed, you simply drain the anti-freeze and unwanted liquids, once/year. Then replace the antifreeze.
2. A "Regulator" which automatically shuts off the flow if the line pressure drops too low for you gas furnace and other gas appliances to reliably function..
Theses 2 items aren't particularly expensive If memory serves, about $250 for the Liquid Dryer & $125 for the Regulator. That includes labor for an experienced local plumber. Direct well hookups like ours are fairly common in old gas basins like this one. Was told about 1/2 the homes in this valley have such well hookups.