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To: zax who wrote (16834)2/22/2012 4:03:20 PM
From: sylvester80
   of 30017
 
Google Docs For Android Updated, Brings Real-Time Collaboration, Rich Text Formatting, New Layout Tools, And An Improved UI
androidpolice.com
Posted by Cameron Summerson in Applications, News

The Google Docs for Android app just received an update that makes it even more like its desktop counterpart. It brings a number of new features to both phones and tablets:

Create, view and edit Google documents with our new Android editorRich text formatting (bold, italics, underline, font color, background color)Layout tools (bulleted lists, numbered lists, indentation)Real-time collaboration - see edits from others in secondsCursor presence and highlighting

Here's a look at the new interface:



Unfortunately, this new interface only applies to standard documents; spreadsheets still use the mobile web interface inside of the app. Hopefully El Goog is working on an update to improve that interface, as well. Oh, and while we're making feature requests, offline editing would be nice.

Still, this is definitely a pretty major step forward for Docs' mobile app, so hit the widget below to grab it.

Google Docs




Google Docs

by Google Inc.

>250,000 downloads, 27878 ratings (4.0 avg)

Free


Install

[ Google Mobile Blog]

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From: sylvester802/22/2012 4:28:42 PM
   of 30017
 
Google Docs app updated with rich text options, collaborative editing (VIDEO)
m.androidcentral.com
by Alex Dobie on 2/22/2012 | Filed Under: Applications, News; Tags: android, apps, update, applications, docs, google docs | 1 comment


The Google Docs app for Android has received a substantial update today, adding some significant new features which to bring the phone and tablet app in line with the full desktop version.

First up is collaborative editing, which allows multiple people to work on the same document in real time -- this has long been possible on the desktop, but has been lacking in the mobile app. And it's also possible to set document permissions and invite others in your address book to work on a document alongside you.

In addition, rich text controls are included for documents, and pinch-to-zoom now fully functional too, making possible to manipulate text, undo and redo just like in the desktop version. Unfortunately these new features only work in documents, not spreadsheets, but regardless, it's a big step forward for the mobile version of Docs.

We've got Android Market links, and an official introductory video, after the jump.


YouTube link for mobile viewing

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From: sylvester802/22/2012 4:31:45 PM
   of 30017
 
ANOTHER KILLER APP: youtube.com!

Only for Android phones and tablets...

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From: sylvester802/22/2012 4:54:10 PM
   of 30017
 
Report: Wearable Android Google Goggles Will Debut in 2012 for Under $600
dailytech.com
Jason Mick (Blog) - February 22, 2012 11:30 AM

Glasses will cost about as much as a smartphone, alert you when friends are nearby, look like Oakley Thumps

Since Seth Weintraub of 9 to 5 Google first leaked news of "Google Glasses" in December, a steady trickle of information on the top secret project has been filtering out.

I. Meet the Google Glasses

Not to be confused with the infamous "Google Goggles", which helps unscrupulous users avoid drunken emails, the new project looks to offer unique differentiation for Google Inc.'s ( GOOG) Android by taking wearable electronics and augmented reality to the next level. The New York Times is citing "several Google employees" as saying the glasses are not only the real deal, but are very near to market.

Nick Bilton writes in the "Bits" blog:

[T]he glasses will go on sale to the public by the end of the year. These people said they are expected “to cost around the price of current smartphones,” or $250 to $600.

The glasses would be packed with motion sensors for navigation (more on that in a minute) and GPS sensors. They would use a 3G or 4G connection. And they would come with a small glasses-mounted screen, which would site inches away from the eye.

The literal "retina display" equipped glasses are described to resemble Oakley's Thumps. They would be released as a stand-alone Android device, though it is possible that Google could bake in a connection to your traditional handset via local Wi-Fi or 3G routing, as well.


Oakley Thumps [Image Source: Oakley via 9-to-5 Google]

II. Are Wearable Electronics Ready for Primetime?

In a recent update Mr. Weintraub writes about the glasses' unique system input system:

The navigation system currently used is a head tilting to scroll and click. We are told it is very quick to learn and once the user is adept at navigation, it becomes second nature and almost indistinguishable to outside users.

The glasses will offer walking directions to users. They also come with a low-resolution camera, which will view the current perspective and overlay information on it, such as landmarks or alerts that one of your friends in the area.

Of course, this wildly excited connected futurist vision comes at a price, as you'll essentially be video-taping random strangers on the street. Google is reportedly well aware of these issues and is working out the privacy aspects of the new electronics devices.


Google sees taking augmented reality from the phone to the world of wearable electronics as a major next step for the technology. [Image Source: Google via The New York Times]

The glasses are reportedly being built at Google's "Bat Cave" of sorts, the Google X Labs, located just off the main Google campus. The New York Timesdescribes the staff involved, writing:

One of the key people involved with the glasses is Steve Lee, a Google engineer and creator of the Google mapping software, Latitude. As a result of Mr. Lee’s involvement, location information will be paramount in the first version released to the public, several people who have seen the glasses said. The other key leader on the glasses project is Sergey Brin, Google’s co-founder, who is currently spending most of his time in the Google X labs.

Google reportedly is thinking of the devices as a public "experiment", not an immediate profit opportunity. Thus, like many of its services -- Google Books, Google Maps, etc. -- it is using its unusual model of " design first, worry about monetization later". Thus far that model has served Google well and propelled it to billions in profit.

Potentially assisting in the project will be the company's new top-secret $120M USD "precision optical technology" testing facility, first revealed by the San Jose Mercury News. The facility will reportedly come with advanced radio frequency-proofed buildings, and will be a hotbed for testing advanced materials such as rare gases and optical coatings.

III. Universities, Competitors Preparing Unique Augmented Reality Visions

Outside of Google, researchers are working to bake display electronics onto contact lenses, raising the possibility of less-bulky future augment reality devices. The devices could eventually provide HUD readouts similar to those depicted in the dystopian science fiction Terminator franchise.


"Terminator Vision" as depicted in 1991's Terminator 2: Judgement Day
[Image Source: James Cameron/Tri-Star Pictures]

Apple, Inc. ( AAPL), Google's key mobile competitor, is reportedly going a different route. It's looking to build 3G-connected watch-like devices (wrist-worn). Apple is in the midst of its own construction push, looking to construct a gleaming new "spaceship"-like headquarters -- one of the final projects of late company co-founder and CEO Steven P. Jobs.Sources: The New York Times, 9-to-5 Google [1], [2], San Jose Mercury News

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From: sylvester802/22/2012 6:49:01 PM
   of 30017
 
ASUS UK: Android 4.0 ICS Coming To Transformer TF101 In The Next Week
Posted by David Ruddock in ASUS, Eee Pad Transformer, Ice Cream Sandwich 4.0, News
androidpolice.com

After ASUS's Singapore Facebook stated an Android 4.0 OTA would be hitting the OG Transformer as late as March, it now seems that ASUS UK's Facebook page is indicating that said update will be landing in the next week:

A quick refresher on the TF101 ICS Update that you are all so patiently waiting for. Our engineers are working hard on getting this ready for you as soon as possible and are still aiming for a February release. As always as soon as we hear any further news or a definitive date we will let you know.

ASUS UK Facebook

While different regions do have differing release time frames for various reasons (eg, language support), you'd think ASUS would go about announcing this sort of information in a way that might be slightly, uh, organized. Still, good news for Transformer owners holding out for some Android 4.0 action, given that they've been waiting since CES.

We'll see if ASUS makes good on this promise in the coming week.

ASUS UK Facebook via AndroidCommunity

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From: sylvester802/22/2012 6:51:46 PM
   of 30017
 
Why Ubuntu for Android is a GAME CHANGER
m.androidcentral.com
Why Ubuntu for Android can succeed where others failed
by Jerry Hildenbrand on 2/22/2012 | Filed Under: Tablets, Smartphones, News; Tags: android, smartphone, tablet, desktop, ubuntu, webtop, canonical, ubuntu for android | 16 comments


You probably heard the big news about Canonical's plans to build Ubuntu for Android devices. It's something I'm extremely excited about and have been tinkering with myself since the days of the Nexus One. This latest -- and finally official -- iteration resembles (and is being compared to) something we've seen before from Motorola -- Webtop. We got to sit down and talk to the folks at Canonical for more information about Ubuntu for Android this week, and I'm here to tell you, chances are this won't be like Webtop at all.

It won't suck. And here's why:

Where the lapdock flopped, Ubuntu will triumph

Put away your pitchforks, I've been saying that I love what Motorola was trying with Webtop since I had the Atrix. It's innovative, and an area that definitely needed exploring. Where Motorola went wrong was forcing you to use expensive accessories, and trying to limit the experience. Android hackers, as they're prone to do, improved the Webtop experience by rooting it and opening it up a bit, but it's still limited by design. And that's where Canonical went the right direction with Ubuntu for Android.



Since I'm sort of a Linux evangelist (got the neckbeard and everything), as well as a longtime Linux user, I was really interested in what we heard about Ubuntu for Android, and asked a few questions that most people probably wouldn't have. And I liked the answers I got. Rather than try to keep the Ubuntu experience limited to what they think you'll want, it's going to be a wide-open, full-blown, honest-to-goodness Ubuntu installation, running in tandem with Android. Full administrative tools, the full package manager, and everything you would ever want in a desktop computer OS, with a very broad set of requirements on the hardware side.

It's Ubuntu forAndroid, not Ubuntu onAndroidAndroid runs on the Linux kernel. Ubuntu runs on the Linux kernel. We're looking at one kernel, with modules and drivers for all the hardware, and only the processes presented to the user change based on how the screen is being displayed. Plug your phone into a monitor through the HDMI output, and the processes that run to give you Android on your phone are suspended, and the processes that run to give you Ubuntu on the desktop are initialized. Make sense?

Doing it this way, your desktop experience isn't dependent on the Android OS running on your phone. In other words, it's not reallyUbuntu on Android. It's Ubuntu with Android.

It's not a dual-boot solution either -- it's done dynamically and triggered when you plug in an external monitor. Because it's all running off the same kernel, you can just hop back and forth. That's the way it should be done.

Have HDMI cable, will travelAnd there will be no expensive, and difficult to find, hardware involved. Any HDMI cable and any Bluetooth keyboard and mouse will work. We're pretty sure some OEM accessories will be available eventually, and they'll be quite nice, but that cheap keyboard and mouse combo you picked up from 5 Below will work as well. Not needing a $100 dock is going to make this more accessible to everyone. Even a laptop shell need not be an expensive OEM model, and I can see companies providing a universal solution at a decent price if the market is there for one.



The biggest difference will be in the software. Plug in your Motorola phone to its Webtop appliance, and you get a basic, very limited, and difficult-to-customize experience. You're depending on Motorola to maintain and provide the software, and it just didn't do a very good job at it. (Not that it's easy, but still.)

With Ubuntu, you'll have a normal installation built for ARM processors. You'll be able to customize it the same way you do on your desktop, using the same tools, and have full access to Synaptic -- Ubuntu's package manager. Once the documentation and source headers are available, that means anyone can build any software and tailor it to be optimized for use with Ubuntu on Android. All the great open-source programs we know and love can (and surely will) be built using special compiler flags to tailor them to the ARMbuntu hardware, and the end result is going to be programs that run as well as the hardware allows. Chromium, Firefox, Gimp, you name it -- it's all possible.

The Android community is going to have a field day with this, and the huge Ubuntu development community is going to as well. the demo we saw was very smooth, and had some great features built-in, but when the geeks and nerds get ahold of this I'm pretty sure it's going to become something amazing.

One for the nerds

Speaking of geeks and nerds, Ubuntu is a fully open-source desktop OS. This means that the source code for all of it, no matter how big a part or how small, will be available for folks like you and I to tinker with. You think there are a lot of custom ROMs for Android? Wait until you see what can be done with Ubuntu. Every element of the user interface can be changed, as well as everything behind the scenes running it all. And you don't need any special skills to try it -- just open the preferences and change away. The use of standards and open-source software combined with millions of users make Ubuntu the king of desktop customization, and UI add-ins like desklets and docks mean no two machines look the same.

Themers and modders unfamiliar with Ubuntu will be beside themselves, and those that already use Ubuntu on their home desktop will be fired up to re-tool their creations for the Ubuntu on Android experience. Of course, since everything is open and the code is available for everyone, we'll see this backported to our existing phones and tablets as well. Our newly formed Ubuntu for Android forums will be jumping, and I'll be right there with you guys having a blast.



There is a catch, however ...Let's face it, Ubuntu running alongside Android in this manner isn't for everyone. And that's fine. The other catch is that you won't be able to put it on any old phone. Hardware requirements aside (think dual-core as the low end), Ubuntu in this case isn't just some application you download and install from the Android Market. The code will have to be specially compiled and baked into a ROM.

It's conceivable we'll see current carriers and manufacturers do it, but we're not going to be the farm on it. (And given their track record for updates, that's not necessarily a bad thing.) Chances are if you're reading this and care at all about Linux, that's not going to be a big concern. But it's something to be aware of.

We'll know more about availability when we talk to Canonical at Mobile World Congress, and you can bet we'll keep everyone informed. It's time to get excited again!

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From: zax2/22/2012 8:03:27 PM
   of 30017
 
Wednesday, February 22, 2012
Factory workers claim Foxconn hid underage employees before FLA inspection
By Josh Ong

Published: 03:40 AM EST (12:40 AM PST)

appleinsider.com

Workers at Apple partner Foxconn have alleged that their employer transferred underage employees to other departments or did not schedule them to work overtime in order to avoid discovery during recent inspections by the Fair Labor Association, according to one non-governmental organization.

Students & Scholars Against Corporate Misbehavior (SACOM) project officer Debby Sze Wan Chan relayed the claims in a recent interview with AppleInsider. SACOM is a Hong Kong-based NGO that was formed in 2005 and has been researching labor rights violations in the electronics industry since 2007.

Chan said she had heard from two Foxconn workers in Zhenghou last week that the manufacturer was "prepared for the inspection" by the Fair Labor Association that had been commissioned by Apple and began last week.

"All underage workers, between 16-17 years old, were not assigned any overtime work and some of them were even sent to other departments," Chan reported the workers as having said.

Another Foxconn worker in Chengdu said she had been allowed three breaks a day recently because of the audit, whereas she is accustomed to only receiving one break a day.

Apple's supplier code of conduct allows for workers between 16 and 18 years old if they are legally allowed to work, but it requires special protections for those workers that limit how much and what kinds of work they are allowed to perform.

FLA president Auret van Heerden initially told reporters last week that Foxconn's facilities were "first class," though he did add that there are "tons of issues" that need resolving. He also revealed in an interview with Nightline that Apple had paid $250,000 to join the FLA and was picking up the bill for the audits.

van Heerden did say in that interview that he expected Foxconn to put on a show. The FLA plans to conduct "bottom up interviews" as part of its audit, as noted by TUAW.

According to SACOM, some Foxconn workers feel that Apple does not care about them because they believe the company's representatives have seen labor violations during their visits and have elected not to do anything. Chan recounted instances where she had told workers about a letter that Apple CEO Tim Cook allegedly wrote declaring that the company cares about "every worker in [its] supply chain."

"The workers just feedback that they don't feel this [care]," she said.



Foxconn workers file down the Apple logo on an iPad component. | Credit: Almin Karamehmedovic/ ABC News


"Most of the time, the workers are aware of the presence of Apple's representatives inside the factories. It is not the problem that Apple doesn't know the real problems at their suppliers. They know, but it is only because they do not care," she added.

For her part, Chan said she hopes that Cook will work to improve working conditions among suppliers, but she also expressed doubts whether he has "any commitments to do so."

SACOM has drafted a petition calling for Apple to "end the use of student workers; provide a living wage for all the workers so they do not have to work excessive overtime hours; conduct labour rights training for workers, including training on occupational health and safety; facilitate the formation of a genuine trade union through democratic election; and compensate the victims if there is non-compliance with the Apple code of conduct."

Chan said she had yet to receive a reply from Apple after more than two years of trying to contact the company. She even visited Apple's Cupertino, Calif., headquarters in an attempt to deliver reports, documentaries and petition cards to the company, but, according to her, the receptionist refused to receive SACOM's materials.

"Finally, a security guard tried to disperse us and he promised that he would hand the materials to someone in charge, but I haven't heard from them since then," she said.

SACOM protesters attempted to deliver Apple a petition from Sum of Us on Tuesday at the Apple Store in Hong Kong, but no one from the company would accept it.

Apple did not respond to requests for comment from AppleInsider.

When asked whether recent reports from The New York Times and CNN on Apple's supply chain are accurate, Chan said their findings were "quite similar" to her organization's own research..

"The workers always tell us they resemble machines," she said of her trips to the Foxconn's Chengdu factory. "Their regular day at Foxconn is waking up, queuing up for baths and work, work and go back to the dormitory and sleep. They do not have a social life and they are doing the same monotonous task in the factory for thousands of times a day. If they are not efficient enough or they make some mistakes, they will be yelled at by their supervisor or punished."

Chan took things a step further and said that mainstream media outlets have left out an important issue that should be under the spotlight: involuntary labor and the use of student workers. According to her, local Chinese government departments provide recruitment assistance for Foxconn and sometimes require that schools send their students to the manufacturer for internships even if their studies are in unrelated disciplines.

She also said that a recent raise from Foxconn was not enough to provide livable wages to its workers. The company announced last week that it was raising worker pay by between 16 and 25 percent. Other manufacturers, including Flextronics, Huawei and Wintek have also increased their basic salaries for their workers.

"In Zhengzhou, the basic salary of new workers is CNY 1350 ($214)," Chan said. "And there is a deduction of CNY 150 ($24) for the dorm. If a worker eats inside the factory, there is another CNY 200-300 ($32-48) to pay. It is far from the living wage standard. Without overtime premiums, a worker can hardly support his/herself."

One Foxconn VP appeared to put the onus on Apple in a recent interview by saying that the company would welcome demands from its client to double worker pay.

Chan did admit that many factory jobs are better than opportunities in workers' hometowns, but she pointed out that the fact that the opportunities are better than others should not be an excuse to violate workers' basic labor rights.

It should also be noted that other brands have a responsibility to ensure fair conditions in their supply chains. As the biggest IT manufacturer in the world, Foxconn provides services for a number of Apple's competitors, including HP, Dell, Nokia, Samsung and Sony. Chan said working conditions on production lines for most companies at Foxconn are generally "quite similar," though she did note that interviewees have indicated that Finnish handset maker Nokia does try to guarantee at least one day a week off for Foxconn workers assembling its products. Other production lines might only allow one day off every two weeks, Chan added.

When asked what individual consumers should do to act on concerns about working conditions in the electronics industry, Chan urged buyers to put pressure on companies, including Apple.

"I think the pressure from consumers is definitely the most important incentive for Apple to reform because Apple, like any other corporation, aims to maximize the profits and minimize the responsibility. If there is no pressure from consumers then Apple does not need to care about criticism from the public."

"Apple has its code of conduct, but that is merely a piece of paper without a mechanism to enforce those standards," she continued. "When we demand that Apple should fix the problem, it's not just because Apple is under the spotlight, but it's also because we hope to hold Apple accountable because the company has publicly pledged lots of things, like that they will ensure decent working conditions at its suppliers."

To its credit, Apple has made some moves toward greater transparency with its supply chain as it looks to curb worker rights abuses and environmental violations in addition to its decision to join the FLA. One well-known Chinese environmental activist revealed earlier this week that Apple had agreed to allow his organization to audit two of its suppliers. Apple also released a public list of its suppliers last month for the first time. In addition, the company allowed Nightline an unprecedented look at iPhone and iPad production lines.

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From: zax2/22/2012 8:06:27 PM
   of 30017
 

Kodak Case Against Apple, HTC to Be Investigated by Agency
By Susan Decker - Feb 22, 2012 3:05 PM CT

bloomberg.com

Eastman Kodak Co. (EK)’s newest patent-infringement complaint against Apple Inc. and HTC Corp. (2498) will be reviewed by a federal trade agency that has the power to block imports of products that infringe U.S. patents.

The U.S. International Trade Commission agreed to investigate the claims filed by Kodak with the agency Jan. 10, according to a notice posted today on the Washington-based commission’s website.

Kodak filed for bankruptcy protection last month and is turning to its patent portfolio to help fund a turnaround. The company claims infringement of inventions related to digital photographs. It plans to phase out the unit that makes digital cameras and picture frames.

The complaint at the commission accuses Apple and HTC of using Kodak inventions covered by four patents related to image transmission, including a way for users to share images directly from cameras. Kodak also claims HTC is infringing a fifth patent for an image preview feature that’s at the center of another case at the agency against Apple and Research In Motion Ltd.

In the latest case, Rochester, New York-based Kodak is seeking to block imports of products including Apple’s iPad and iPhone, and HTC’s Flyer tablet and Wildfire S phone.

Import Ban Kodak has said it filed the complaint after licensing negotiations failed, and it’s counting on the threat of an import ban to lead to a settlement.

The company has put its more than 1,100 digital-imaging patents up for sale. Chief Executive Officer Antonio Perez has said that the Apple-RIM trade commission case may generate $1 billion in new revenue.

The commission typically completes investigations in 16 to 18 months. The case against Apple and RIM has taken longer partly because the judge handling the case retired. A new judge is scheduled to release findings in that case in May.

The case is In the Matter of Electronic Devices for Capturing and Transmitting Images, 337-831, U.S. International Trade Commission ( Washington). The related civil case against Apple is Eastman Kodak Co. v. Apple Inc. (AAPL), 12cv6020, and the case against HTC is Eastman Kodak Co. v. HTC, 12cv6021, both in U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York (Rochester).

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From: zax2/22/2012 8:20:16 PM
   of 30017
 
I was wondering what job could possibly be worse than building iPads for Apple at Foxconn. Then it occurred to me...

Apple's latest sandboxing deadline delay signals moving goalposts for devs
By Chris Foresman

arstechnica.com

Apple has given developers yet another few months to implement application sandboxing for OS X apps, a security feature brought over from iOS: the deadline is now June 1, 2012. While the intent of sandboxing is to prevent hacked apps from taking over a user's system, however, the sandbox design inherently limits functionality that users and developers have come to expect on the desktop. Apple's changes and delays to sandboxing requirements have also created a situation where the sandboxing goalpost keeps moving while developers continue to push Apple to improve its design.

What does Apple mean by sandboxing? An application can run in its own "sandbox," a protected space separated from other apps and the operating system. While inside the sandbox, apps can't do bad things like delete a user's entire directory, or open network connections and phone home to a botnet server.

As John Siracusa explained in his review of Lion last year:

Running an application inside a sandbox is meant to minimize the damage that could be caused if that application is compromised by a piece of malware. A sandboxed application voluntarily surrenders the ability to do many things that a normal process run by the same user could do. For example, a normal application run by a user has the ability to delete every single file owned by that user. Obviously, a well-behaved application will not do this. But if an application becomes compromised, it may be coerced into doing something destructive. Apps running in a sandbox have a harder time getting into other apps' sandboxes, but that can also limit the functionality of an app to an extent that it could no longer be useful. For instance, according to Bare Bones' Rich Siegel, the BBEdit text editor would not be able to do a multifile search and replace, show live folder views of complete programming projects, or integrate with version control systems if sandboxed.

"You quickly start running into problems if this sandboxing stuff gets carried to a rigorous and/or logical conclusion," Siegel told Ars last November. "I'm sure there are lots of businesses who've built automation workflows, which fanatical sandboxing would completely break."

A moving goalpost



Apple's e-mail to developers on Tuesday extended the deadline yet again.


Originally, Apple set a November deadline for developers to use OS X Lion's app sandboxing capabilities lest their apps be barred from the Mac App Store. But as developers struggled to work within the limits of Apple's sandboxing implementation, Apple extended the deadline to March 1, 2012. And now in an e-mail to developers on Tuesday afternoon, Apple again extended the deadline to June 1.

In particular, Apple noted that the recent release of Mac OS X 10.7.3 introduced additional "entitlements," special privileges that apps can claim from the operating system to do things like access files, send and receive Apple Events, use hardware resources like a FireWire port or FaceTime camera, or connect to the Internet.

"We have extended the deadline for sandboxing your apps on the Mac App Store from March 1st to June 1st to provide you with enough time to take advantage of new sandboxing entitlements available in OS X 10.7.3 and new APIs in Xcode 4.3," Apple wrote.

Furthermore, Apple is encouraging developers to file bugs against sandboxing entitlements that they feel are missing. Developers can also request a temporary entitlement from Apple, evaluated on a case by case basis, to enable functionality not covered by the existing entitlements.

Unfortunately, the changes now present several new conundrums for developers. Many apps have to be significantly re-architected to work within sandboxing limits. That's a lot of work for a relatively low security benefit, argued Red Sweater's Daniel Jalkut.

For instance, apps targeting OS X 10.7.3 for its expanded sandbox entitlements will still run on Snow Leopard (10.6) or even earlier versions of Lion. Under Snow Leopard, apps simply run without sandboxing altogether. However, under 10.7.0 to 10.7.2, certain functionality that requires entitlements introduced in 10.7.3 simply won't work—the system won't be able to grant the necessary entitlements.

Developers are considering how to handle those edge cases. Should the app try to work around the limits, or should an app just alert the user that it won't work unless Lion is updated? Or should Apple develop a better way to handle the entitlements regardless of OS version?

"Apple's delay acknowledges the challenges of sandboxing both for developers and for Apple," Jalkut told Ars, suggesting Apple should in fact push the sandboxing requirement to the release of OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) this summer. "I think everything sandboxing related up to now should be considered a sort of test run," he said, and Apple should consider an alternative way of enabling sandboxing on the desktop.

"It's a good thing that Apple is listening to developers with respect to sandboxing. I see Apple's approach to this now as an iterative process of chipping away at remaining shortcomings in sandboxing," Jalkut said. But it's clear that sandboxing isn't yet a workable solution for improving security on the desktop as it has been for Apple's mobile platform.

Gatekeeper, a new security feature coming to Mountain Lion, may offer a better alternative to sandboxing, at least in the short term. Gatekeeper works by allowing users to control whether apps obtained from the Mac App Store, from registered developers, or from anyone can be run on a user's system.

"Gatekeeper provides a huge security benefit for very little developer cost and no changes to application design," Jalkut noted. "Sandboxing, by comparison, is a huge amount of work for both Apple and developers, and in the context of Gatekeeper may provide little additional protection to users."

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From: sylvester802/22/2012 8:34:58 PM
   of 30017
 
This is what the Galaxy Nexus as a desktop PC looks like
youtube.com

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