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From: FUBHO4/27/2012 4:42:16 PM
   of 2796
 
This week in the Oracle/Google trial: Week 2

By Tom Krazit Apr. 27, 2012, 1:01pm PT No Comments


gigaom.com
One of the biggest trials in the recent history of the tech industry is in full swing, as Oracle and Google slug it out in downtown San Francisco over whether Google pilfered Oracle’s Java technology to develop Android.

Here’s our recap of what happened during the first week, and highlights of the second week follow below:

Stick and move: Early in the week, Android chief Andy Rubin and Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt borrowed the same strategies used by their colleagues during the first week of trial, uttering things like “I do not recall” fairly often. But they both agreed that Google believed its arrangement with Sun was legal, an opinion that would be bolstered later in the week. ( Wired)

Patent denied: Oracle wrapped up its presentation of the copyright phase of the trial on Tuesday, but was dealt a blow on Wednesday regarding the upcoming patent phase of the trial. Judge William Alsup denied an Oracle petition to reinstate one of the five patents that were barred from the trial after they were deemed invalid upon re-examination by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. After the PTO changed its mind on one key patent, Oracle hoped to get it back into play, but the judge ruled it was too late. ( Groklaw PDF)

Show us the money: Google was forced to release as evidence a 2010 presentation on the financial picture for Android, including projections through 2013 for revenue and profit. The documents showed that Google was overly ambitious with its expectations for its Nexus direct-to-consumer plans, revenue from Google Music, and revenue from Android app sales. However, the documents also revealed that Android earns Google quite a bit of ad revenue, and that the company’s future projections for ad revenue were based on a much more conservative expansion of Android and smartphones in general than what has actually come to pass. ( The Verge)

Sun rises and sets: Two former Sun executives presented very different impressions of how Sun viewed the APIs (application programming interfaces) at the heart of this trial. Jonathan Schwartz, CEO at the time Sun was purchased by Oracle, was called to the stand by Google and testified that Sun thought the Java APIs should be open and available to anyone. However, Scott McNealy, who co-founded Sun and served as CEO for decades, was called to the stand by Oracle and said Java contained “lots of intellectual property.” ( CNETand ZDNet)

What’s next: Closing arguments in the copyright phase are expected to be delivered on Monday, after which the jury will deliberate on the central question of whether Google should have obtained a license from Sun in order to use the Java APIs included with the original version of Android. Should they find in favor of Oracle, damages will be decided after the patent portion of the trial kicks off.

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To: FUBHO who wrote (1710)4/27/2012 8:55:05 PM
From: Brian Sullivan
1 Recommendation   of 2796
 
Will AT&T and Verizon 4G LTE ever be compatible?

Annoyed that your AT&T 4G LTE iPad won't work on Verizon and vice versa? You're not alone. Ask Maggie explains why and whether it will ever change.


Most people buying the new iPad opt for the Wi-Fi only version. Why? The 4G LTE versions are more expensive, for one thing. And since you can't switch carriers later, it means you're locked in to either AT&T or Verizon Wireless.




The fact that an AT&T iPad can't be used on Verizon and Verizon's iPad can't be used on AT&T troubles many of these consumers. After all, aren't they using the same LTE network technology? And aren't they even using the same 700 MHz spectrum for this network? So what gives? In this edition of Ask Maggie I explain. And I offer an opinion about whether it could change in the future. I also offer some advice switching to Verizon for an LTE-enabled Razr Maxx versus sticking with Sprint's new 4G LTE HTC Evo.

The LTE interoperability mess.

Dear Maggie,
I read your recent column about picking the best carrier for a new 4G LTE iPad. It was helpful. I know that AT&T and Verizon have different flavors of 4G LTE. And I know that if I want a 4G LTE iPad, I have to decide now which carrier I want because the devices are incompatible on the different networks. But can you explain why this is? And also is there any hope that in the future this issue could be fixed and devices could be compatible with each other? And what about other carriers? Will Verizon's or AT&T's 4G LTE ever be compatible with other carriers launching 4G LTE networks?

Thanks,
Frustrated in tech

Dear Frustrated in tech,

I'm glad you found the previous column helpful. Unfortunately, you are correct about the incompatibilities between the two networks. Devices built for either AT&T's and Verizon's 4G LTE networks can't be used on the other's network. The new iPad is a great example of this, as you've pointed out. If you want 4G LTE connectivity on your new iPad, you have to decide when you buy the device if you want to use AT&T's or Verizon's service. And neither iPad with 4G LTE will be able to connect to Sprint's 4G LTE network once it's built nor will it operate on MetroPCS's LTE network or any other smaller carrier's LTE network.



As a consumer I find this fact extremely frustrating. I thought the whole reason that major carriers around the world, such as Verizon, were deploying 4G LTE instead of some other technology was because it would make it easier for subscribers to roam onto other networks.

I also naively expected Verizon's 4G LTE to usher in a new era of openness, since the carrier was basically forced through an "openness" condition on the spectrum it's using to build its 4G LTE network. Before Verizon bid in the 700 MHz spectrum auction, the FCC put a condition on the spectrum forcing whoever bought it to agree to keep the network "open."

But the conditions were worded broadly, and after Verizon ended up with the spectrum, it claimed that it was keeping the network open allowing new applications and offering a streamlined process for device makers and others to build devices for its network. Still, I think consumers are getting short-changed. What they really want is the ability to take any device to any 4G LTE network. And that isn't what is happening today.

The reality is that interoperability for 4G LTE services in general is nonexistent. There's no roaming among carriers in the U.S. or abroad on these networks. And there are no interoperable devices. Strangely the situation is even worse than it is for the older 3G network technology in the U.S., where the market is split between two major U.S. GSM carriers and two CDMA providers.

Spectrum differences
To answer your first question, there are some technical reasons for why AT&T's and Verizon's LTE networks are incompatible with each other and every other wireless carrier in the world. Some operators use completely different spectrum frequencies for their LTE service. For example, AT&T and Verizon are using 700 MHz spectrum, while Sprint is using 1900 MHz and some 800 MHz spectrum. That's why those networks are incompatible, even though the underlying technology is the same.

So why can't AT&T and Verizon interoperate since they're both using 700 MHz spectrum? This is a very good question. And the answer is that the 700 MHz band of spectrum is simply a mess. It was originally used for broadcast TV. And over the years, the FCC, which regulates our wireless airwaves, has moved broadcasters off of the spectrum and sold different portions of the spectrum, creating different so-called band-classes.

As a result, the 700 MHz chunk of spectrum was split into two parts, an upper portion and a lower portion. And because of interference issues, different band plans were adopted for the spectrum, making it so the two portions couldn't interoperate.

Verizon got a nationwide license in the upper C block. That's what it's using to provide its 700 MHz spectrum. AT&T bought smaller licenses in the lower portion of the 700 MHz band.

Some smaller carriers, who also own spectrum in the lower half of 700 MHz complain that AT&T has made the situation even worse, by adopting a different band-class for the spectrum it's using for LTE. The result is that smaller regional carriers, which also have 700 MHz in the lower portion of 700 MHz can't interoperate with AT&T. Not only does this mean that their customers can't roam onto AT&T's network, but it also means that they will have a harder time getting handset makers to create devices for their networks. These carriers have far fewer subscribers than AT&T or Verizon.

"There are several regional operators with 700 MHz spectrum to build 4G LTE networks," said Steve Berry, CEO of the Rural Cellular Association trade group. "They have the spectrum and the cash to build their networks. But what they really need is interoperability so they can build an ecosystem of devices and so their customers can roam."

Berry, who sat down to chat with me in an interview this week, believes AT&T and Verizon have cleverly engineered their networks and the spectrum they are using to ensure that they don't have to provide this interoperability. But the FCC could figure out a way to get all wireless carriers using the 700 MHz band on the same page, he said, eventually there could be interoperability across the entire band.

The FCC is currently reviewing the interference issues in the lower section of the 700 MHz band. If these issues can be worked out, the FCC can start to force more interoperability and perhaps eventually it can get Verizon to interoperate, too.

The lack of compatibility among the networks hurts consumers in several ways. Not only is there a big possibility that smaller carriers will simply cease to exist because they can't compete with cutting edge devices. But it will also limit which devices even get 4G LTE capability. While consumers may already be used to choosing a cell phone based on which carrier offers it, they are far less likely to lock themselves into a carrier when buying a digital camera or any other consumer electronic device or connected appliance.

Imagine if you had to buy a new TV simply because you wanted to switch cable providers. That sounds nuts, right? And there are many people, including retailers, such as Best Buy former CEO Brian Dunn who think that what carriers have been doing in terms of locking devices particular networks is bad for the growth of the entire consumer electronics business. At the Mobile World Congress trade show in Barcelona in February, he called on retailers to open their devices and allow them freely roam on other wireless networks. He said this would greatly reduce the price of products and would spur more adoption of connected-devices..

"This inefficient supply chain is driving costs up instead of down," he said.

What about the future?
Now to answer your second question: Will things change in the future?

As I said earlier, the FCC is looking into the interference issue. And the agency could work to harmonize the entire 700 MHz band. But unfortunately, even if this were to happen, carriers can still lock their devices into working only on their network.

I hope that the FCC eventually addresses this issue, but I wouldn't hold my breath expecting things to change much anytime soon. Unfortunately, one of the consequences of having two major wireless carriers serving most of the customers in the U.S. market is that they have a lot of power. And they can use that power to dictate how spectrum is used as well as influence which specifications suppliers build for. And if they want to keep customers locked into their networks via the devices, they can do that.

I hope this helped answer your question.

news.cnet.com

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From: zax4/28/2012 11:05:57 AM
1 Recommendation   of 2796
 
Apple Co-Founder: Steve Jobs Might Have Been Reincarnated. At Microsoft.
Posted by Sam (Insideris) on April 28, 2012

insideris.com



It looks like Microsoft is doing something right, after picking the brand new Nokia Lumia 900 running Windows Phone, Steve Wozniak, the co-founder of Apple, said that he was blown away by the beauty of the Windows Phone and that he very much prefers the way it looks and feels over Android and even iOS apps.

“Compared to Android, there’s no comparison”

“Intuitive and beautiful”

“Just for looks and beauty, I definitely favour the Windows Phone over Android”

“I’m just shocked; I haven’t seen anything yet that isn’t more beautiful than the other platforms”

“It makes me feel ‘Oh my gosh, I’m with a friend, not a tool’” (referring to UI interactions and graphics)

“I just really like the experience and will be carrying the Windows Phone everywhere”

However, the most interesting quote was this:

“I surmise that Microsoft hired someone from Apple and put money into having a role in the UI and appearance of some key apps. I also surmised that Steve Jobs might have been reincarnated at MS due to a lot of what I see and feel with this phone making me think of a lot of great Apple things.”

Which is a huge compliment to Microsoft, Nokia and the whole Windows Phone team!

[Via: WPCentral, aNewDomain]

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From: FUBHO4/29/2012 1:42:00 PM
   of 2796
 
Does the iPad cannibalize Apple's laptops?CEO Tim Cook says they do, and the latest MacBook-line sales figures show a slump
By Gregg Keizer
April 28, 2012 06:31 AM ET

...

"I think there was some cannibalization from iPad," Cook acknowledged earlier this week during his company's quarterly earnings call with Wall Street...
...


The 2% year-over-year increase in unit sales was significantly lower than Apple's laptop line usually garners: In the first quarter of 2011, for example. Apple sold 53% more notebooks than it did the year before...




computerworld.com

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From: FUBHO4/30/2012 9:29:09 AM
1 Recommendation   of 2796
 
Microsoft will make a $300 million investment in a new Barnes & Noble subsidiary. The new company will focus on developing a Nook e-reader application for Windows 8. Microsoft will obtain about 17.6% of the new company through its investment, while Barnes & Noble will own the remaining roughly 82.4%. The company has not yet been named.

thestreet.com

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From: FUBHO4/30/2012 10:00:07 AM
   of 2796
 
Huawei to give Intel LTE development support in China

eetimes.com

Peter Clarke4/30/2012 6:58 AM EDT

LONDON – Intel's aspirations selling chips for mobile equipment have received a boost with the news that Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. has agreed to work with Intel on the testing and rapid deployment of the time division duplex format applied to Long Term Evolution standard.

Huawai (Shenzhen, China) is one of the world's largest suppliers of telecommunications and networking equipment. Huawei has agreed to set up a laboratory in China with Intel for interoperability testing and the rapid implementation of LTE TDD technology.

The collaboration will be based on Huawei's know how in LTE TDD network infrastructure and Intel's mobile communications platforms, Huawei said. By being able to connect directly to Huawei's infrastructure Intel will be able to carry out end-to-end testing of its mobile platforms in a real-life environment, Huawei said

LTE TDD which is also known as TD-LTE is seen as providing the evolution or upgrade path for TD-SCDMA and both India and China are expected to deploy this variant of the 4G cellular communications standard.

Huawei did not say how much money would be spent setting up the laboratory, how many people would work on the project, or how quickly it would produce any results.

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From: FUBHO4/30/2012 9:32:02 PM
   of 2796
 
ARM: Why Virtualization Belongs In Smartphone Hardware


ARM's lead mobile strategist explains why virtualization is such an important trend for smartphones, and how ARM's Cortext-A15 fits in. See our video coverage.

By Fritz Nelson InformationWeek
April 30, 2012 11:46 AM

ARM's cores are at the heart of almost every major smartphone CPU (Apple's being a rather large exception). The move to quad-core chipsets for tablets and smartphones came through ARM's continued push for innovation. ARM is planning more innovation in the coming year, such as Big Little--the idea that some tasks require minimal power but last a long time, whereas others consume much more power and devices will become smart enough to shift cores on that basis.

During the most recent episode of InformationWeek's Valley View--our monthly live Web TV series--ARM's lead mobile strategist, James Bruce, talked about another compelling innovation, involving virtualization. That is, the ability to create virtualized environments on a smartphone, where perhaps the more consumer-oriented applications and data reside in one virtual machine, and enterprise apps and data in another, thereby creating a more secure divide between the worlds of work and play.

ARM, Bruce said, is putting virtualization in hardware. He discusses why this is necessary, and why the impact (to performance and cost) will be negligible. Watch the whiteboard session in the video embedded below.

VIDEO:

informationweek.com

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From: FUBHO5/2/2012 2:05:50 AM
   of 2796
 
Android breaks crucial 50% of smartphones in use, says comScore


By Brad Reed | Network World US | 01 May 12

Android may be lagging behind in the enterprise market, but in the consumer market it's still going full speed ahead.

The latest numbers from research firm comScore show that Android devices accounted for 51% of all smartphones used in the United States in the first quarter of 2012, the first time comScore has found that Android has accounted for more than half of all smartphones used in the U.S. over a given quarter. Apple's iOS accounted for 30.7% of all smartphones used in Q1 2012, while Research in Motion's BlackBerry OS accounted for 12.3%. Quarter-over-quarter, RIM saw its share of the smartphone market decline by 3.7 percentage points, while Android saw its share increase by 3.7 percentage points. Or put another way, Android's rise in market share in the quarter was the exact same number as RIM's decline over the quarter.

Read more: pcadvisor.co.uk

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From: FUBHO5/2/2012 11:15:18 AM
2 Recommendations   of 2796
 
C# ported to Android

Open Sourcers put Krakatoa east of Java

02 May 2012 09:47 | by Nick Farrell in Rome | Filed in

After its court case with Oracle, Google might want to come up with a cheaper way of building native apps on Android.

Now Xamarin has worked out a way of porting C# to Android.

According to the company blog, the C# version is a higher performance, low-battery consuming alternative to Java.

Based around a Mono platform the system is an open source implementation of the .NET framework.

It allows developers to write their code using C# while running on top of the Java-powered operating system, and then share the code with iOS and Windows Phone.

The advantage for Google is that Microsoft submitted C# and the .NET VM for standardisation to ECMA and saw those standards graduated all the way to ISO strong patent commitments. The .NET framework is also covered by Microsoft's legally binding community promise, so Google would not have to get an expensive licence.

Apparently the porting was hatched out after a day of Kayaking.

The team decided to translate Android's source code to C#.

They thought that if they could create an Android phone completely free of Java, it could also be free of the limitations of the Dalvik VM.

The blog said that the group set up a project called XobotOS and now has most of Android's layouts and controls entirely in C#.

They used a tool called Sharpen which is a Java-to-C# translation tool the team adapted.

If Google wants to get Oracle's hooks out of Android it could do a lot worse. It might even reduce its patent dependence on Microsoft too.




Read more: news.techeye.net

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To: FUBHO who wrote (1718)5/2/2012 12:02:02 PM
From: waitwatchwander
   of 2796
 
Seeing Google moving to C# just as Microsoft strengthens it's movement towards HTML5 would be a weird, weird happening.

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