PastimesPlastics to Oil - Pyrolysis and Secret Catalysts and Alterna

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To: scion who wrote (19170)2/21/2012 1:55:38 PM
From: scion
of 52902
The Future of Aviation Biofuels

By Biofuels Digest | Mon, 20 February 2012 23:30 | 0!traps/id/bd85d735-98fa-477e-9c45-42b4b3bd6cc7/articles/65bfooFGF002q6JFNsIJ

In New York, Bloomberg New Energy Finance said that jatropha-based fuels were the near-term candidate as sustainable aviation fuels available at prices competitive with conventional jet fuel. The BNEF research unit said that it expected jatropha-based jet fuel to be available at $0.86-a-litre ($3.25 per gallon) by 2018.

The Bloomberg report

Following the emergence of jatropha-based fuels, BNEF said that aviation fuel made from pyrolysis of woody biomass represented the next most affordable category of aviation biofuels, projecting that jet fuel from this source could be available at $0.90 per litre ($3.40 per gallon) by 2018.

BNEF projected that aviation biofuels made from the gasification of wood, and the Fisher-Tropsch process – such as companies like Coskata and Rentech propose – would not likely be commercial “until well into the 2020s,” and would be available only at a cost of $2.60 per litre ($9.83 per gallon) by 2018.

BNEF also said that “large-scale, biofuel-producing algae farms will not appear this decade,” and that aviation biofuels based on pal, soybeans or canola “may never become fully competitive.”

In looking at downstream demand, BNEF noted that the International Air Transport Association has called for 6% of jet fuel demand, or 8 billion litres per year, to be met by biofuels by 2020, but said that it expects airline demand to be 2 percent or less over the next few years – uncompetitive on cost, and bought by airlines solely to “improve their environmental credentials and to gain experience of biofuels technologies.”

Harry Boyle, lead bioenergy analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance, said: “If governments want airlines to burn a significant proportion of non-fossil fuel before 2020, they will have either to subsidise advanced-but-not-yet-economic biofuels or, more likely, introduce mandates requiring carriers to use a certain percentage of sustainable biofuels in their mix, and put up with complaints that this is driving up ticket prices.”

The USDA Farm to Fly report

In Washington, the USDA released its “Farm to Fly report”, in which it stated: “the FAA has set an ambitious target of one billion gallons per year of aviation biofuel capacity by 2018, which the CAAFI team believes is achievable if sufficient progress is made in supporting a sustainable supply chain.

Last week, Airlines for America (A4A) and Boeing said that, in order to make significant progress toward that goal, they called for public sector support across the supply chain and at least two successful commercial-scale projects as a precursor to private investment.

Farm to Fly’s report, in addressing barriers, focused less on technology cost, and more on feedstock development efforts, and finance for scale. The report stated “Currently, there are more than 20 second- and third-generation biofuel development projects occurring throughout the United States. These projects utilize a variety of feedstock and process technologies to produce renewable fuels, and several have the potential to produce aviation biofuel. However, these projects need additional funding to support biofuel development in the near term.”

The complete Farm to Fly report, “Agriculture and Aviation: Partners in Prosperity,” is available here:

The bottom line: What’s here in 2018, sooner, later or never?

The independent reports key in on 2018 – the one, from a capacity buildup basis (Farm to Fly), and the other from a cost-basis (Bloomberg). The availability of affordable jatropha-based biofuel – since jatropha is not expected to be cultivated in the US – should be expected to be an incremental amount of global capacity by 2018, and the one billion gallons of build-up expected in the US is going to come from different resources.

What are the US feed stocks? While highlighting the potential availability of camelina-based oilseed biofuels at affordable rates, the Bloomberg report is emphatic on its emphasis on pyrolysis of wood biomass as the near-term winner. Winners there? Companies like Envergent and KiOR, among those where there is near-term visibility on capacity build-up. There are also earlier-stage companies such as Anellotech working towards commercialization.

Bloomberg does not address the near-term availability of jet fuels made from upgrading alcohols – the ATJ opportunity that has gained traction in recent months. A reason why? As with oilseed-based biofuels, airlines are expected to have to compete with road transport for biofuels, and the two gallons of ethanol that result in a gallon of jet fuel do not offer, presumably, a case that the airlines are going to be able to compete with road transport when it comes to, say, corn starch-based fuels in this decade.

In life, to the victor belongs the spoils. In biofuels, the spoils go to the financier. As we published in our overview, “Aviation and military biofuels: new thinking on finance, fuels,” we expect that airlines will be able to successfully compete for affordable fuels in the near-term, based on their ability to form buyer cooperatives that offer a futures-based financing to the advanced biofuels industry, in the form of advanced payments for aviation biofuel orders.

The Digest detailed how such a scheme might work, here.!traps/id/bd85d735-98fa-477e-9c45-42b4b3bd6cc7/articles/65bfooFGF002q6JFNsIJ

Under those conditions, we do see the potential for capacity-building dedicated to aviation biofuels, instead of a bidding-war breaking out between the roads and the skies. Key to reducing costs – high-yield feedstock available at scale.

By. Jim Lane

Source: Biofuels Digest!traps/id/bd85d735-98fa-477e-9c45-42b4b3bd6cc7/articles/65bfooFGF002q6JFNsIJ

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To: SteveF who wrote (19164)2/21/2012 3:00:18 PM
From: dreaminbig
of 52902
Does anyone have the opening dates/closing dates of the Pipes? I'd like to match it to the historical list.

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To: OverDraught who wrote (19173)2/21/2012 3:05:21 PM
From: scion
of 52902
Germany is powering cars in food scraps

Posted under News by B4E Summit Admin on Tue, 21 Feb 2012

The pilot plant makes biogas out of food waste from wholesale markets.

A pilot project in Germany is collecting food waste from wholesale fruit and vegetable markets and cafeterias to ferment and make methane, which will then be used to power vehicles that have been converted to run on natural gas.

The pilot plant has been developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology and is located next to Stuttgart’s wholesale produce market for easy access to food waste. The plant will make methane from the waste by using microorganisms to break down the food in a two-stage digestion process over a few days.

Because the food waste being fermented on any given day can be more or less acidic depending on what was tossed out, the pH levels have to be constantly monitored in order for the microorganisms to best do their thing. The waste is held in several tanks that feature a management system that monitors many parameters, including pH level. The software then calculates how many liters of which waste should be mixed together to feed to the microorganisms.

The plant produces about two-thirds methane and one-third carbon dioxide from the process, but nothing goes unused: the filtrate water which contains nitrogen and phosphorous, and the carbon dioxide produced from the fermentation are both used to cultivate algae for another project, while the sludge left behind from the fermentation is sent to other institutes that are capable of making methane from it.

The pilot project has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and has partnerships with energy company Energie Baden-Württemberg, which is processing the biogas, and with Daimler, which is supplying natural gas-converted vehicles to run on the fuel.!traps/id/bd85d735-98fa-477e-9c45-42b4b3bd6cc7/articles/65bqFYs3D002q6ID9iRJ

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To: scion who wrote (19176)2/21/2012 3:09:10 PM
From: scion
of 52902
B4E, the Business for the Environment Summit

B4E, Business for the Environment, is the leading international platform for dialogue and partnership solutions for the environment. The B4E summits bring together world leaders, CEOs, senior executives and industry experts to share ideas and commit to solutions, which address the most urgent environmental challenges facing the world today.

The acceleration and delivery of such transformative solutions will require a higher level of collaboration between business, government and NGOs than ever seen before. B4E aims to facilitate such collaboration through networking, informed discussion and the creation of innovative partnerships for change.

Issues addressed at the summits include energy, natural resource security, climate change, water management and biodiversity conservation, among others.

Since its inception in 2007, B4E has provided leaders from around the world a unique opportunity to shape game-changing solutions and influence the global agenda, leading toward a greener, more sustainable future.

Past B4E Summits were convened for the last five years in Singapore, Paris, Copenhagen, Seoul, Mexico City, Cancun and Jakarta by the United Nations, WWF, Global Initiatives and host Governments.

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From: scion2/21/2012 4:09:56 PM
of 52902
Start-up E-waste Recycler Goes Nationwide, Plants a Tree for Every Gagdet Recycled

February 21, 2012 By Priti Ambani

Guzu allows consumers and businesses to sell their working and non-working electronics for cash, discouraging dumping abandoned electronics in landfills and adding to the millions of pounds of e-waste produced every year.

This Earth Day, Guzu Inc. will be celebrating its one-year anniversary. Launched by a trio of eco-preneurs, Guzu has grown from a local New York recycling pick-up service to a nationwide electronics recycling company. Their programs encourage consumers to recycle their electronics properly by offering innovating value propositions.

There are presently over 3 billion consumer electronics in homes all across America and over 500 million consumer electronics sold annually. Many of these electronics are thrown away or stashed in junk drawers, with only a very small portion being sold on resale sites like eBay and Craigslist. Meshkat recognized the need for an incentive based national electronics recycling program that requires little work on the part of the consumer.

In its first month, Guzu recycled 3,400 pounds of e-waste and since then has been recycling an average of 3,500 extra pounds per month. To date, the young start-up has recycled 200,000 pounds of e-waste and has helped businesses and schools across the country – from New York City to Sleepy Eye, Minnesota – reduce their carbon footprint.

Guzu Plants a Tree for Every Gadget Recycled

The business model does not end there. With every unit recycled, Guzu plants a tree on behalf of the consumer through American Forrest, a nonprofit organization that seeks to protect the natural capital of trees and forests. Unlike resale websites, Guzu guarantees that every electronic unit obtained is recycled to the highest extent; the silicon on the boards, LCD’s, plastics, metals, and even the cardboard boxes customers use to mail their electronics to the company, are properly recycled, found a new home or use for, or sold for parts used to revive secondhand products for further use.

Guzu also hosts electronic recycling drives in cities across the country where residents are encouraged to donate their outdated electronics at participating locations. In addition, Guzu’s Business & Volume Recycling division offers a turnkey, free recycling solution for small-to-medium-sized companies looking torecycle their old IT equipment and reduce their e-waste.

Guzu’s innovative value proposition comes at a time of unprecedented growth for the Consumer Electronics Industry, forecasted to reach over $289 billion by 2014. Guzu co-founder and CEO Hesam Meshkat says,

“The consumer electronics industry is one of the fastest growing in the U.S., offering an endless parade of new gadgets at the expense of older ones. What consumers consider trash, the industry considers treasure –old electronics can be recycled for parts and materials used to feed the production process and secondhand market.”

How To Recycle With Guzu: Consumers can recycle their gadgets on in three simple steps. First, users can search for their electronic item on the homepage and receive an immediate price quote from the company. Once their transaction is completed through the site, Guzu will email a FREE shipping label for the consumer to use in mailing their electronics to the company. Once the shipment is received and processed by Guzu, payment is sent via PayPal or business check, as designated by the consumer, and a tree is planted on their behalf.

More on Ecopreneurist

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To: donpat who wrote (19172)2/21/2012 4:18:55 PM
From: scion
of 52902
A classic spoof revived - The Turbo Encabulator
"Turbo Encabulator" the Original

This is the first time Turbo Encabulator was recorded with picture. I shot this in the late 70's at Regan Studios in Detroit on 16mm film. The narrator and writer is Bud Haggert. He was the top voice-over talent on technical films. He wrote the script because he rarely understood the technical copy he was asked to read and felt he shouldn't be alone. We had just finished a production for GMC Trucks and Bud asked since this was the perfect setting could we film his Turbo Encabulator script. He was using an audio prompter referred to as "the ear". He was actually the pioneer of the ear. He was to deliver a live speech without a prompter. After struggling in his hotel room trying to commit to memory he went to plan B. He recorded it to a large Wollensak reel to reel recorder and placed it in the bottom of the podium. With a wired earplug he used it for the speech and the "ear" was invented. Today every on-camera spokesperson uses a variation of Bud's innovation. Dave Rondot (me) was the director and John Choate was the DP on this production. The first laugh at the end is mine. My hat's off to Bud a true talent.

Bigfoot13 Tuesday, February 21, 2012 4:12:01 PM
Re: Steady_T post# 166627 Post # of 166640

DD to verify the quality of Agylix. I may be selling my JBI soon as much as I don't want to. I have had JBI for 3 years now and this scientific method video is pretty convincing.


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To: scion who wrote (19179)2/21/2012 4:48:48 PM
From: dreaminbig
of 52902

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To: dreaminbig who wrote (19180)2/21/2012 5:31:04 PM
From: scion
of 52902
I am honestly curious, why do these MMs do all this fancy signaling with L2?

buenokite Tuesday, February 21, 2012 4:48:17 PM
Re: fourkids_9pets post# 166644 Post # of 166651

I am honestly curious, why do these MMs do all this fancy signaling with L2? Why not just pick up the phone and call each other? Or just use skype or something?

MorningLightMountain Tuesday, February 21, 2012 5:13:03 PM
Re: buenokite post# 166645 Post # of 166651

just another penny stock myth......the MMs on JBII make their money the same as every other penny stock: the "vigorous" zany signaling conspiracy needed!!!

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To: scion who wrote (19181)2/21/2012 5:46:58 PM
From: scion
of 52902
It's illegal for MMs to collude on stock prices to start with.
But if they were going to, how dumb would using bid/ask sizes be?

kezzek Tuesday, February 21, 2012 5:41:47 PM
Re: buenokite post# 166645 Post # of 166652

It's illegal for MMs to collude on stock prices to start with.
But if they were going to, how dumb would using bid/ask sizes be? It would take anyone with a little smarts no time to figure out the "signals" and the SEC even less.

Most likely someone buying or selling in weird lots to give the appearance of a grand conspiracy. MMs make a few cents on EVERY trade, they don't have time to play sides.

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To: scion who wrote (19182)2/21/2012 6:28:56 PM
From: streetscraper
of 52902
Wonder how a bail fits on this thing.
I thought full bails of plastic where used now for the pre melt?

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