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To: stockman_scott who wrote (170869)9/9/2002 9:58:57 AM
From: kemble s. matter
   of 176368

RE: Watching the people and trying to gauge the heartbeat of the city, I wondered, what would happen if New York City were to suffer another attack on the scale of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks?

We may have won a war in Afghanistan, but who can doubt that the terrorists who mean us great harm are concentrating their every effort on another attack? There is no way to plumb the depths of hatred in the minds of bin Laden types for what America is and what America represents. They succeeded beyond their wildest dreams in the destruction of buildings and innocent lives last year. We have to expect that they are plotting an even more crippling strike.

Precisely why I'm in favor of striking first and in favor of the original Bush statement concerning terrorists and harboring terrorists...After teaching school for toooo many years and seeing thousands of kids I judge the sickness of these terrorists from one photo of that 12 year old Palestinian girl who decides to strap explosives on her body to kill someone Jewish in a supermarket...That girl was gorgeous...Had her whole life ahead and yet her hatred was so consuming she pulls the cord and exits this world...It's them or us...

Best, Kemble

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To: Patrick E.McDaniel who wrote (170864)9/9/2002 10:05:13 AM
From: kemble s. matter
   of 176368

Thanks...Dad has proof of his campaigns and his wounds at the end of the war...I'm sure he'll enjoy the copies I just made...Have had a color framed copy of "the angle" hanging in one of our upstairs rooms for years (French artist)...Had no idea my great great grandfather was there at "the angle"...Not until my father did the genealogy...Of course I could have asked Otto...He knows it all!! :o)
Thanks again...

Best, Kemble

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To: kemble s. matter who wrote (170871)9/9/2002 12:40:34 PM
From: stockman_scott
   of 176368
Questions for the Commander in Chief

By Zell Miller
The Washington Post
Sunday, September 8, 2002

When it comes to showing deference to our president in a time of war, I doubt there are many who have more respect for him as a leader and an individual than I do. As a Marine, I was taught to say, "Aye, aye, sir," do an about-face and go do the job my commander in chief ordered me to do.

That's just my nature, and that's why I'm with the president 100 percent on his homeland security bill now in the Senate.

I also believe he has gathered together the finest national security team since Harry Truman had George Marshall.

So, when it comes to expanding the war on terrorism to Iraq, I stand with the president and I will not criticize his judgment. He has already made the case with me, and I am convinced that Saddam Hussein has to go.

But I always like to run things by my focus group back home, and lately the comments from my focus group tell me that the folks out there in Middle America, sitting around their kitchen tables, have questions that need to be answered before we march our soldiers into Iraq.

Now, my focus group is not one of those formal meetings where you pay people to sit around a conference table in an office building. It's a very informal chat with the regulars at Mary Ann's Restaurant, up the street from my home in rural Young Harris, Ga. They are construction workers, retired teachers, farmers, preachers and the waitresses who chime in with their opinions as they pour coffee and bring more biscuits. Several of these folks have previously worn the uniform of this country, some in combat. Not an Ivy Leaguer in the bunch. Not a single one reads the New York Times, The Washington Post or the Weekly Standard. And their television time is devoted mainly these days to the evening news and to watching the Braves, who are close to clinching another division pennant.

I jotted down some of the questions that they want the president to answer in building a case for going to Iraq.

(1) Even if Hussein has nukes, does he have the capability to reach New York or Los Angeles or Atlanta?

(2) The old Soviet Union had thousands of nuclear missiles for decades, many of them capable of reaching our major cities, and yet we didn't get into a war with the Soviets. The president needs to explain why Iraq is different.

(3) Who will join with us in this war and what share will they be willing to bear? (There was also some grumbling about our boys in Afghanistan "just doing guard duty" to protect those warlords.)

(4) What happens after we take out Hussein? How long will our soldiers be there? And, again, with whose help?

(5) There is concern about too much deployment. We've got our soldiers stationed all over the world. Someone needs to bring us up to date on where they all are, why they are there and how long our commitment to keep them there is.

(6) How does our plan in Iraq fit in with the whole Middle East question? How will it affect Israel? How will it affect our war on terrorism? Does taking Saddam out help or hurt that entire messy situation?

(7) At Mary Ann's Restaurant, Tony is all right. But Putin is not. Why are we putting so much trust in him? Is he still with us in the war on terrorism, or was that just so much talk at a photo op?

(8) The people at Mary Ann's know very well who fights our wars -- the kids from the middle-class and blue-collar homes of America. Kids like their grandchildren. They want to hear the president say that he knows and understands that.

(9) Forgive my bluntness, but these folks also want to hear the president and the vice president say that this war is not about oil.

(10) They also want to hear an explanation of why we didn't take care of this in the Persian Gulf War, and why it is on our doorstep again so soon.

None of the above in any way should be interpreted as my backing down in my support of the president's effort. His position and his principles have already made the case with me. I write this in the spirit of trying to get a better explanation for the folks back home and the folks across Middle America. Those folks who love their country very much and who respect their president, but who need a few more answers.

The writer is a Democratic senator from Georgia.

© 2002 The Washington Post Company

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To: grogger who started this subject9/9/2002 2:00:34 PM
From: calgal
   of 176368
Reuters Market News
IDC sees big jump in Indian PC sales in 2003
Monday September 9, 5:59 am ET


BANGALORE, Sept 9 (Reuters) - Sales of personal computers in India are expected to rise by a modest 6.2 percent this year but growth is seen picking up to more than 22.4 percent in calendar 2003, market researcher IDC says in a recent report.

India's PC sales, which topped two million units in 2001, saw a slight revival in the April-June quarter this year, with total sales of about 532,000 units, up five percent from the same period last year, beating IDC's initial forecast by two percentage points.

"The perk-up in the market was primarily because of healthy buying in the consumer market on account of school holidays," IDC said in a statement issued on Friday.

It said pent-up demand was met in April-June after lower-than-average consumer sales in the previous six months.

India's PC sales have been affected by a slowdown from the turbo-charged growth rates in the country's information technology industry and a sluggish overall economic growth.

PC sales grew 18 percent in 2001, sharply lower than heady growth rates of about 50 percent seen in the past few years.

India is estimated to have an installed computer base of six million in the one-billion strong nation but industry officials expect an increase in PC penetration on the back of wider Internet usage and cheaper computers.

IDC expects PC sales in India to accelerate in the second half of the year, with the anticipated rise of more than 22 percent well above the 8.4 percent forecast in global PC sales.

India's small but high-potential PC market is dominated by thousands of cut-rate unbranded computer assemblers operating out of tiny shops spread across the country.

These unbranded assemblers, who compete with big names by putting together computer components, have over the past several quarters expanded market share despite the entry of global majors like Hewlett Packard (NYSE:HPQ - News) and Dell (NasdaqNM:DELL - News).

"Local assemblers performed well in the consumer market this quarter, as they were able to provide a greater cost advantage and reach than multinational and large Indian branded competitors," IDC said.

The share of local assemblers and small regional brands rose to 69 percent in the April-June quarter, up from 66 percent a year-ago, IDC said.

Leading local brands include those made by Wipro (Bombay:WIPR.BO - News), HCL Infosys (Bombay:HCLI.BO - News) and Zenith Computers (Bombay:ZENC.BO - News).

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To: grogger who started this subject9/9/2002 2:05:34 PM
From: calgal
   of 176368
Insiders: Top Buying, Selling by Companies for Week Ending 9/6


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To: calgal who wrote (170875)9/9/2002 2:11:08 PM
From: calgal
   of 176368
HP Researchers Make Tiny Memory from Molecules


By Lucas van Grinsven, European Technology correspondent

AMSTERDAM (Reuters) - Researchers at U.S. computer company Hewlett-Packard said on Monday they had created a computer memory chip using new molecular technology that takes miniaturization further than ever before.

Using previously patented technology, the H-P scientists have created a 64-bit memory unit that fits inside a square micron -- a micron is one millionth of a meter. The memory contains 10 times more bits per square micron than today's most advanced DRAM computer chip memory chips.

Its capacity is too low to be useful yet but within five to 10 years the H-P scientists expect to have a commercial product manufactured with what is called nano-imprint technology -- manipulating molecules and atoms.

"Our most optimistic forecast for commercialization is five years. Certainly within 10 years it is available," Stan Williams, H-P Fellow and director of Quantum Science Research at H-P Labs, told journalists in a conference call.

Meanwhile the H-P scientists aim to miniaturize their technology further and create commercial memory chips that can contain 100 gigabits (100,000,000,000 bits) per square centimeter, 15 times more than the lab model and much more than current technology can achieve.

"These memories should have anywhere between 10 or 100 times higher density (memory bits per square centimeter) than DRAMs can have in 10 years time," Williams said.

Current chip making technologies used to produce DRAMs are limited. In about 10 years' time the possibilities of further miniaturization with present technology will end. Currently, tiny circuits and transistors are etched onto metal films on top of silicon by using optical equipment.

Chips need to become smaller in order to become cheaper, faster and more energy-efficient.


New manufacturing technologies are needed to continue Moore's Law, named after an observation of Intel co-founder Gordon Moore, who some 30 years ago accurately predicted that every dollar will buy double the amount of processing power every eighteen months.

Williams said the H-P technology, partly developed in conjunction with the Californian university UCLA, will move chip miniaturization "much faster than Moore's Law."

The H-P work also combined for the first time both memory and logic by manipulating molecules caught in a grid of superthin platinum and titanium wires.

A piece of logic is needed to address or look up specific bits of information, instead of checking all bits on a chip.

The memory H-P developed in the lab contains 64 bits of information. In this case, each bit was formed by one thousand molecules sandwiched between two sets of wires, one set running north-south, one set east-west.

At the junctions of the grid the molecules could be switched "on" or "off" by sending an electronic current through the platinum wires. Combinations of these "on" and "offs," or "zeros" and "ones," can store characters or instructions.

By sending a lower voltage current through the wires, the zeros and ones could be read.

"This is the first demonstration that molecular logic and memory can work together on the same nanoscale circuits," said Williams. He spoke after discussing the experiments at a conference in Stockholm on Monday.


The researchers also proved they can use a previously invented technology to "stamp" the 64 bit memory from a mold or master. The memory was created on top of ordinary silicon used in today's chip making production processes.

Today's lithography chip production process takes many weeks, often months, to etch layer after layer of circuitry on top of silicon wafers. The "stamping" or "printing" method used by H-P scientists could dramatically reduce production time.

It took the researchers just a few minutes to "stamp" the memory. The memory they created is non-volatile, which means the molecules stay in their position, and retain their information, when the current is switched off.

Today only the more expensive memory chips, like flash memory, remember their information after power has been turned off. H-P thinks the first commercial memory products using the technology of stamping molecules will be used in devices that now use flash memory.

The little piece of 64-bit memory H-P molded from "smart" molecules does not yield a useable chip yet. Today's standard DRAM memory chips used in most personal computers contains 256,000,000 bits of memory.

Challenges that are still to be addressed are low power consumption, mass-production and competing prices. H-P, which believes its technology could benefit the entire chip-making industry, believes it can overcome these issues.

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To: calgal who wrote (170876)9/9/2002 10:09:45 PM
From: kaka
   of 176368
Dell says deal to sell Cisco switches canceled

By Caroline Humer

NEW YORK, Sept 9 (Reuters) - Dell Computer Corp. <DELL.O> on Monday said that networking giant Cisco Systems Inc. <CSCO.O> soon will stop it from reselling Cisco products as Dell considers delving further into its market.

Dell's break with Cisco comes less than two months after printer industry heavyweight Hewlett-Packard Co. <HPQ.N> said it would stop selling its printers to Dell for resale, citing Dell's plans to move into the printer market.

Round Rock, Texas-based Dell is the No. 2 personal computer company behind HP, but as the PC market contracts Dell has begun pushing into new areas.

In addition to its nascent networking business -- it began selling a Dell-branded networking switch one year ago -- the company has said it plans to start selling its own computer printers, handheld computers and so-called "white box," or unbranded, computers.

Dell spokeswoman Mary Fad said Cisco informed it in mid-August that it would discontinue its reseller agreement as of Sept. 27, but didn't provide a reason. The agreement has been in place for at least five years.

San Jose, California-based Cisco, the No. 1 networking equipment company, confirmed the relationship was over, but declined to give a reason.

"We do not comment on specific details regarding our business relationships with Cisco channel partners, but we will confirm that effective Sept. 27 Dell will no longer be a Cisco-authorized reseller," Cisco spokeswoman Melissa Kendrick said. "To help ensure a smooth customer transition...Dell will be able to sell product until the end of October."

Networking equipment is used to connect the pieces of everything from corporate networks to the Internet.

Dell has said it is considering selling Dell networking products, such as routers and switches that are used in the center of networks, and that would compete with Cisco, Fad said.

"Those are areas that we are looking into and we haven't announced any products in those areas. We haven't given a time frame for when we might announce products," Fad said.

Cisco's move may be an indication of just how serious Dell is about the networking business, said CIBC World Markets analyst Steve Kamman.

"It's a market right now where the margins are very high and the price point is high enough where Dell can probably come in with its very low cost manufacturing strategy and might be able to make a pretty solid impact," Kamman said.

Dell's Fad said that Cisco's move would have no material impact on Dell.

Merrill Lynch analyst Steve Fortuna agreed, saying that the networking business is an insignificant part of Dell's total revenues, which were $31 billion in 2001.

"It's not one of the investment legs in our thesis because it's too nascent right now, but to the extent that areas of technology commoditize, as certain areas of networking have, Dell believes that it can get better margins by building their own versus reselling," said Fortuna, who rates Dell a "buy."

"They did this with Layer 2 switches, they plan to do it with Layer 3 switches," he said.

Layer 2 switches, as they are called, are used on the edge of computer networks while Layer 3 switches are used in the core of the network, where Cisco is the dominant player.

Shares of Dell closed up 12 cents, or 0.5 percent, at $26.22 on Monday on Nasdaq.

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To: calgal who wrote (170876)9/10/2002 12:03:08 AM
From: calgal
   of 176368

Report: Tech Firms Vulnerable to Terrorists

Tuesday, September 10, 2002
By Kelley Beaucar Vlahos

WASHINGTON — While utility and transportation companies are told to be on alert Sept. 11 because of heightened terrorist threats, a survey released Monday finds that 30 percent of private companies' computer systems aren't adequately prepared for a cyber-attack.

Experts say that while action has been taken to protect the nation's water supply, nuclear power plants and seaports, private companies whose infrastructures are tied to the world's computer networks are still vulnerable to attack. Power and communications could be knocked off at the most critical time -- during another terrorist attack.

"Someone could conceivably launch an attack on the physical world by going after a power station or water supply, and at the same time launch a cyber-attack in order to knock down communications and emergency response – it clearly can be done," said Douglas Goodall, CEO of Red Siren, a Pennsylvania-based computer security company.

Red Siren joined the Internet Security Alliance and the National Association of Manufacturers Monday in releasing a global security survey that found that nearly one third of companies do not have adequate plans for dealing with a range of cyber-attacks, from Web site vandalism and information theft to all-out terrorism. Thirty-three percent said cybersecurity "is not a visible priority" at the upper echelons of their organizations.

The survey was conducted from Aug. 12 through Aug. 23 and targeted technology specialists at 225 firms around the world. According to survey officials, the firms included small, mid-sized and large entities dealing with everything from utilities to banking and financial institutions.

Eighty-eight percent of participants said that following the Sept. 11 attacks, their companies recognize the need for computer security, but 39 percent said that such security plans are not communicated to, or reviewed by, top corporate executives.

"This seems to indicate a bit of disconnect between the perception of the general threat of cyberterrorism and specific concern about one's own organization," said Tom Orlowski, vice president of information technology at NAM.

"They need to turn awareness into action," said Goodall. "That is the message that we and the ISA and NAM wanted to send with this report."

Their survey comes a week before the White House releases the long-awaited National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace at Stanford University on Sept. 18. According to Tiffany Olson, a spokeswoman for White House cybersecurity czar Richard Clarke, the hefty document will include post-Sept. 11 security strategies from several key sectors, including utilities, education, banking and finance and government.

"It identifies their strategies and their vulnerabilities," she said. On the report issued by the three groups on Monday, she said the White House agrees there is much more to be done, "but we want to make it clear that a large number of companies are contributing a lot to protecting cyberspace."

According to the Computer Security Institute, which tracks security breaches, viruses and network break-ins, estimated losses due to such vulnerabilities could have reached nearly $1 billion so far in 2002.

Out of its annual survey of 503 computer security practitioners in U.S. corporations, government agencies, medical institutions and universities, 80 percent acknowledged financial losses due to attacks; 223 were willing to put a price tag on their losses and reported nearly $456 million lost.

The CSI survey, released last spring, also found that 90 percent of respondents detected a computer security breach in the last 12 months. Twelve percent reported the theft of consumer transaction information, six percent reported financial fraud, 70 percent reported Web site vandalism from hackers and 55 percent reported denial of service attacks.

"The United States' increasing dependency on information technology to manage and operate our nation's critical infrastructures provides a prime target to would-be cyberterrorists," said Bruce Gebhardt, a former FBI agent and executive assistant director for CSI, when the report was released.

The Computer Emergency Response Team at Carnegie Mellon University, reports that 143,505 incidences of security breaches, involving in some cases thousands if not hundreds of thousands of sites over an extended period of time, have been reported to the center since 1988. In 2002 alone, 43,000 incidents were reported, compared to six in 1988.

"It's getting easier and easier to launch more devastating attacks because of the tools out there," said Goodall, who noted that nearly $50 million was lost in 2002 due to personal financial information being stolen and used by perpetrators.

Of course, the unspeakable breach would be an act of war involving critical infrastructures, he said. "That's what cyberwar planners are thinking about – the possibility of a physical attack dovetailing with a cyber-attack."

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To: calgal who wrote (170878)9/10/2002 9:45:49 AM
From: TigerPaw
   of 176368
The U.S. Embassy in Malaysia said it had received a "credible and specific threat" to security and would close from Wednesday until further notice.

Dell and other computer firms have their primary asian factories in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


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To: TigerPaw who wrote (170879)9/10/2002 3:11:06 PM
From: calgal
   of 176368
Investors Again Advised to Look Beyond '02 for PC Recovery


By K.C. Swanson
Staff Reporter
09/09/2002 05:43 PM EDT

A leading market research firm today spelled out the ugly truth that plenty of PC and semiconductor companies already knew: Business spending isn't picking up, and now there's another worry to add to the mix. Consumers, who drive about a third of PC shipments, also look to be spending more cautiously in the back-to-school season and leading up to the holiday season.

The upshot: The much-delayed pickup in demand just got postponed again, possibly to the middle of next year, according to analysts at IDC.

Despite the glum forecasts, most PC stocks managed to rise for the day after a rocky start. Hewlett-Packard (HPQ:NYSE - news - commentary - research - analysis) finished up 28 cents, or 2.1%, to $13.78, while Dell (DELL:Nasdaq - news - commentary - research - analysis) was up 38 cents, or 1.5%, to $26.48. IBM (IBM:NYSE - news - commentary - research - analysis) climbed $1.63, or 2.2%, to $74.83.

In an updated forecast, IDC said it now expects sales of personal computers to grow by a meager 1.1% in 2002, given the tougher environment.

"We are basically flat year on year, against really easy comparisons," says Roger Kay, director of client computing at IDC. He said the group had compiled its forecast by applying "normal seasonal patterns to very depressed data."

As recently as June, IDC had issued a more optimistic forecast for 4.7% growth. But the momentum that was apparent in the second quarter has now all but disappeared, analysts said. Demand has been soft among big businesses and consumers, though small businesses and the public sector have shown somewhat more strength.

Meanwhile, survey data released by Goldman Sachs today suggests investors may be disappointed again by overall corporate spending in 2003. Goldman says IT spending is on track to grow 2% to 3% in the U.S. next year, well below current Street estimates for 9% revenue growth.

Still, IDC analysts expect PC growth in 2003 to accelerate from its current levels, as companies replace some of the computers that have grown outdated and slow since the last replacement cycle in 1999. IDC predicts 2003 shipments will grow by 8.4% over this year.

As for the near term, the revised forecast from IDC fits with the more sober outlooks recently issued by major computer and semiconductor vendors. Two weeks ago H-P, which commands the biggest share of the PC market, issued a forecast that fell below the goal it had set out in June for the second half of 2002. The company expects sequential sales to grow a modest 5% in the current quarter.

Also in late August, the CEO of Intel said it wasn't clear whether the usual fourth-quarter, holiday spending surge would kick in this year, given the uncertain economy.

The new IDC numbers are roughly in line with those issued in August by another market research group, Gartner Dataquest. Gartner said last month that it expects 2002 PC sales to fall in a range between 4% growth and negative 2%.

But in 2003, sales should grow between 5% and 12%, predicts Gartner principal George Shiffler, with the exact amount depending on the state of economic recovery and the timing of the corporate PC replacement cycle.

"There's still some downside risk that we could not see a definite turn-up in the U.S. economy until the middle of next year," says Shiffler. "Our general expectation is that the U.S. economy will show definite signs of recovery by the beginning of next year and various parts of the global economy will fall into line after that. But if the timing gets pushed out, that will have a depressing effect on PCs."

The weak performance expected this year will follow an abysmal year in 2001, which was the worst ever for the PC industry. Worldwide unit shipments fell 4%.

That represents a sharp turnaround from robust industry growth of 24% and 16%, respectively, in 1999 and 2000.

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