Well the money ran out for the TPD bulk tests operation, the COC was not useing a tweeked enuff slurry is my read and the Dam Complications with the stupid advice ( by some well paid lawyer who had plenty of great ideas I suspect and valid resons ) to move to Nevada as a corporation from Utah is the thing that killed the fast divended shares that you mention...BUT THEY DELIVERED on the part of the bonus, better than none. LANDMARK STATUS PATENT, EXXON/ BARRICK and MAX COOLEY, take a step backwards and go for the real read NOT THE BAD SLANT:|
Chucka/Chuca and Old Chucaupt2
P.S.- Yeah, I can't defend some moves, like the Poison Pill Charter Move vote that as I recall was never finished, go ahead take us over, LOL....maybe we can have TAKE OUT FIGHT for the Y2K that I always wanted to see! Maybe. A pill clause, funny you didn't bring that one up, I guess it just don't matter 'cept the bottom line. READ THE PATENT and think ORGANICS- ORGANOMETALICS, you read all that before, never Calcium carbonated in the POP bottle...that I saw in Timres square with the straw rising...MAXAM with pop and the straw is not the last to rise, we sw that on ourt two NYC trips from the Marquis Revoling bar....over looking times square in the fall. The RISE of MAXAM is what I hope for, too bad it is late. Tuff, if some can't wait with dignity and not bespech some idioms of want and desire. TIME will show what is our future, WHY DO I NOT GIVE UP, ask yourself that partners. All of you? The people are the measure of the end results I foresee. The past I saw was no red flag ...the study is the key. The dirt may be very very complex so is all patent proceses I now think. MAXAM CUSTOM MILLING, that rings true it rang a bell in the past, it is the onlt hope...CUSOM ORE evemn thousand of miles away I foresee in my minds Eye...Bolivia...Canada( Athabashca Area/ Peace River Arch Areas in Alta )...what where else...The Chucka Butte? Maybe.
Bristol University, and in particular the Physics Department, has had an interest in single crystal diamond research for around 30 years. But Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) diamond research began at Bristol in 1991, with a collaboration between the Chemistry and Aerospace Engineering Departments in a DTI-funded project to investigate diamond films for Aerospace applications. This has expanded rapidly, and now Bristol is one of the top centres for CVD diamond research in the UK, with the effort being split among various departments within the University. The diamond films are mostly grown in the Chemistry Department, with diamond device research being mainly centred around the group of Dr Wang in the Physics Dept. Some work looking into diamond fibre composites for nano-scale grinding applications is going on as a collaboration between Chemistry and a group in the Mechanical Engineering Dept.
In Chemistry, we currently have 6 deposition reactors:
a small hot filament reactor for studies of unusual gas chemistries
a small hot filament reactor for producing boron-doped diamond films
a larger HF reactor dedicated to deposition onto wires and fibres
a 1.5 kW Microwave PECVD reactor, with in situ mass spectroscopy diagnostics.
a DC plasma jet on loan from de Beers industrial diamond division
a UV excimer laser ablation reactor for deposition of 'amorphic' diamond (or ta-C) films
a RF plasma system for deposition of doped and undoped DLC (a-C:H) films
The mechanical properties (hardness, adhesion, stiffness, etc) of the deposited films are tested in the Aerospace Engineering Dept, whilst more detailed structural analysis (TEM, EELS, Laser Raman) is performed by the Physics Department and Interface Analysis Centre.
Funding is from various sources, both governmental and industrial, including the EPSRC, DERA (Farnborough), the Royal Society, Arima Corporation (Taiwan), Smiths Industries and De Beers Industrial Diamond Division.
NOTE- My Mining Friend- the INORGANIC section has my favporite study of ORGANIAO METALIC CHEMISTRY STUDIES HERE::: Chuckaupt2/Chucka:::
""..and dynamics of organometallic complexes; their application to the catalysis of organic reactions.."":
Organometallic Chemistry (Professors Knox and Connelly, Drs Jeffery, King, Norman, Pringle, Russell and Timms): the synthesis, spectroscopy, structure, reactivity, redox chemistry, and dynamics of organometallic complexes; their application to the catalysis of organic reactions.
Coordination Chemistry (Professors McCleverty and Connelly, Drs Jeffery, Pringle and Ward): the synthesis, spectroscopy, structure, redox chemistry, photochemistry and reactivity of transition metal coordination complexes; supramolecular chemistry; applications to the synthesis of novel metal-containing materials.
Materials Chemistry (Professors Mann, McCleverty, Connelly and Orpen, Drs Davis, G”ltner, Norman, Russell, Timms and Ward): Synthesis, characterisation and evaluation of new materials; solid state bioinorganic chemistry, biomimetic materials chemistry; biomineralization; nanoscale and composite materials; electron microscopy; crystal engineering.
Main Group Chemistry (Drs Norman, Russell and Timms): New techniques in the synthesis of main group compounds; applications of these to the chemistry of materials, catalysis and destruction of pollutants.
Spectroscopy and Analysis (Drs Maher, Mile and Roberts): Application of AA and EMR spectroscopy and related methods to environmental, analytical, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, geology and palaeontology.
Structural Chemistry (Professor Orpen and Drs Charmant and Jeffery): Crystal engineering, X-ray diffraction studies on metal complexes; structural systematics, analysis and computational modelling of molecular and crystal structures.
Collaborative research programmes exist in a number of areas both within and beyond the Section. Generally, collaborative projects take advantage of expertise in one research group to accelerate progress in the research of another. Research programmes of this type exist with our colleagues in the Physics and Geology Departments and the Interface Analysis Centre, as well as other Sections of the School of Chemistry.
FACILITIES AND TRAINING
By the end of 1999-2000 all members of the Section will be working in new or recently refurbished laboratories. In particular the synthetic chemistry activities of the Section will be housed in the new Synthetic Chemistry building. These state-of-the-art laboratories provide the best facilities for synthetic chemistry in the UK University system, with all researchers having their own large highly serviced fume-cupboard and personal write-up space immediately adjacent to their laboratory.
Inorganic chemists employ a wide range of experimental techniques, including IR, visible/UV, X-ray absorption, NMR and EMR spectroscopies, mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. The Inorganic and Materials Chemistry Section is exceptionally well equipped to conduct research at the forefront of international science using these techniques. Among the major instrumentation available to researchers in inorganic chemistry are the following:
SMART CCD area detector, P4 4-circle and D500 powder X-ray diffractometers for single crystal structure determination and phase identification.
Multinuclear NMR spectrometers: 90, 270, 300, 400 (x2) and 500 MHz JEOL instruments with autosampling facilities.
Bruker ESP310 X-band EMR spectrometer with goniometer and 4K-600K capability.
VG mass spectrometers, with EI, CI, electrospray and FAB facilities. Unrivalled facilities and expertise for combined GC-MS and LC-MS.
Electron microscopy. A new suite with 2 SEM and 2 high resolution TEM JEOL microscopes to be completed in early 2000.
All these instruments are housed in recently refurbished, purpose-designed suites.
In addition there is a host of minor instruments covering the full range of routine spectroscopic analysis techniques together with a wide range of specialist scattering and chromatographic techniques. The School of Chemistry has its own microanalytical laboratory, together with excellent in-house computer, electrical, electronic, mechanical and glass workshops and an outstanding library.
A wide range of in-house and central computing facilities is used to support research in the School and there are excellent facilities for molecular modelling. All researchers in the School have direct access to personal computers (Macintosh and PCs) in part through computing and information technology laboratories in the School funded by major donations from industry ( Esso, Hewlett Packard and Glaxo-Wellcome).
Developments in the Inorganic and Materials Chemistry Section
The past year has seen significant developments affecting the Section, while the coming year will see yet more:
The establishment of a new electron microscopy suite to house a series of new instruments associated with the development of the Centre for Organized Matter Chemistry.
New state-of the art single crystal X-ray diffractometer, with mirro optics, rotating anode source and area detector for installation in the second half of 2000.
Recent staff appointments:
Dr Sean Davis to a Research Associateship in Electron Microscopy in September 1999.
Professor Michael Green to a Senior Research Fellowship in Inorganic Chemistry in August 1999.
Dr Christine G”ltner to a Lectureship in Inorganic Materials Chemsistry from July 2000
Professor Mann has been awarded a Max-Planck Society Award for International Co-operation (1999).
Professor Orpen has been awarded the Royal Society of Chemistry?s Tilden Lectureship for 1999-2000.
The new Synthetic Chemistry Building housing the synthetic chemistry activities of the Section, opened in November 1999, providing outstanding industrial-standard research facilities for synthetic chemistry.
At present the Section has over 50 postgraduate researchers, ca. 30 undergraduate research students and 18 postdoctoral fellows in addition to 19 academic and 8 technical staff. Postgraduate employment prospects are excellent. Since 1990, 94 postgraduates from the Section have been awarded Ph.D. degrees. Of those, 42 took jobs in the chemical and related industries (e.g. Albright and Wilson, Bayer, BP Amoco Chemicals, Esso, Oxford Asymmetry, Unilever, L'Or‚al); 38 took up postdoctoral research positions - the usual route to academic and other research careers - of which 6 are in continental Europe, 13 in North America or Australasia and 19 in the U.K.; 8 have gone into scientific publishing or scientific media.
Funding of Postgraduate study at Bristol
Fees and living expenses.
The 1999/2000 fees for students from the United Kingdom and the European Union are œ2,675p.a. For students from outside the EU, the fees are œ9,293 p.a.. Living expenses are likely to amount to about œ6,600 p.a. The standard maintenance grant, as provided by an EPSRC studentship, for example, is œ6,620 p.a. for 1999/2000. (Please note that all of these figures will increase in line with inflation in successive years).
Students from the UK
The School of Chemistry is well funded by EPSRC and the other Research Councils and there are a good number of 'quota' studentships including CASE awards. Recently the University has increased the number of Postgraduate Scholarships it awards. In addition, the School of Chemistry is funding a substantial number of postgraduate studentships jointly with industry. These opportunities can be discussed during a visit.
Students from within the European Union
EU students may be awarded studentships from the UK Research Councils but are more likely to be awarded University Postgraduate Scholarships or be funded by the School of Chemistry. The University Postgraduate Scholarships provide for payment of the tuition fee, together with a maintenance grant in line with Research Council awards. Applications can also be made to the EU for funding. Relevant information may be obtained from your own university.
Students from outside the European Union
Information about funding sources for non-EU students is available on the Graduate School Web Pages at chm.bris.ac.uk
Further information about funding is at:
Applicants for Ph.D. places should have been awarded or be expected to obtain the equivalent of a First or Upper Second Class Honours Degree. Candidates with a lower class of degree, or equivalent qualification may, under certain circumstances, be admitted if they can demonstrate their potential for higher degree work, for example, by holding other qualifications.
If you are applying from overseas, in addition to making an application you should arrange for full formal transcripts of your academic records to be sent by your university direct to Professor N.G. Connelly, Graduate School Director, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS.
If your first degree was not taught in English, you will need to take an English Language test, for example British Council IELTS, TOEFL, etc. [IELTS is preferred and is available through local offices of the British Council]. It is a policy of this University that overseas students achieve a minimum standard of 6.5 in the IELTS test of English Language (or a TOEFL score of 610) before commencement of study. If you have not achieved this standard at the time of application DO NOT DESPAIR. The University runs an English Language Course and other Language Schools in Bristol offer similar courses allowing you to improve your English before starting work for your degree. These courses are at an additional cost. Please contact us if you need further information.
Overseas students are sent information from the Accommodation Office when they have been through the application process and are sent a formal letter offering them a place. They are guaranteed somewhere to live, providing the forms are returned within the time limit.
EU and UK students usually find their own accommodation, but there are people here to help . Within the Inorganic and Materials Section we keep a list of contacts and will usually be able to find somewhere suitable. During the summer vacation the University runs one or two weekends when new postgraduate students can come to Bristol, stay in a Hall of Residence, meet other new people with whom they could share a flat and generally get help in finding accommodation.
The Inorganic and Materials Section forms part of the Graduate School of Chemistry at Bristol University.
Further enquiries about research and postgraduate study in Inorganic and Materials Chemistry at Bristol should be made in writing (or by email) to Professor Orpen at the addresses below. It would be helpful if you could indicate the names of members of staff whose research areas are of interest to you. Prospective students are welcome to visit the Section by arrangement in order to meet staff and students, to discuss projects and to see the School of Chemistry.
Address: School of Chemistry,
University of Bristol,
Telephone: +44(0)117 928 8310
Fax: +44(0)117 929 0509
NM article partial read ::
Chucka Marshall <firstname.lastname@example.org>
>Subject: groungwork being laid
>Prairie gold' controversy flares up again
> by James Whyte
> American wildcatter Homer Bradley has long departed this
>world, but his legacy
> lives on in the ongoing search for "prairie gold"
>deposits in the Fort MacKay
> region of Alberta.
> In the past decade, several junior companies launched
>drilling programs near
> where Bradley was reported to have encountered gold while
>drilling for oil in
> 1912. Most went home frustrated and empty-handed, with
>some still insisting that
> the gold was there, but in a form that wouldn't respond
>to conventional assaying
> The controversial search is now being kept alive by Birch
> (BMD-V). The Calgary-based junior recently raised $2.7
>million to continue work,
> even though a bulk-sampling program last summer returned
>only trace values of
> gold and other precious metals.
> Similarly, four holes the company drilled in late 1998,
>one of which was a twin of a
> hole earlier announced to have contained gold, returned
>"no anomalous precious
> metal concentrations."
> In November 1999, the company also engaged consulting
>firm Strathcona Mineral
> Services to "prepare an assessment of sampling and
>analytical results, including
> precious metal assay methods currently under refinement."
> The poor results from the bulk sampling and drill holes
>haven't fazed the faithful
> who believe that Bradley's 1912 discovery, combined with
> reported by others, point to a gold camp in the making.
>Reports obtained by The
> Northern Miner suggest their optimism may be premature at
>best, and misplaced
> at worst.
> Granted, Bradley's 1912 gold discovery was documented by
>John Allan, a
> professor of geology at the University of Alberta, in a
>1920 technical report on the
> mineral resources of the province. Allan's report
>included the log of the well, along
> with the comment that "the last 25 ft. [7.6 metres] is in
>Laurentian granite, which
> was reported to contain about $13 to the ton in gold."
>The log says only reddish
> granite (containing gold) was encountered over 7.6
>metres. The dollar-per-ton
> figure at the then-current gold price of US$20.67 per oz.
>equates to 21.6 grams
> gold per tonne or 0.63 oz. per ton.
> The professor's report didn't spark much interest until
>1949, when the 76-year-old
> Bradley signed an affidavit describing the log of the
>well, including a 7.5-ft. vein of
> quartz "with a very rich gold content." He added that:
>"One run of the small pump
> yielded better than a half pound of gold." His log, 2.3
>metres of vein material, is
> not consistent with the professor's 7.6 metres of
>granite. The "half pound" of gold
> recovered by pumping verges on the apocryphal.
> Despite the inconsistencies, oil company Scurry-Rainbow
>carried out a drilling
> campaign in the early 1960s to investigate the source of
>the gold reported in the
> Allan report. Three holes were drilled, but only traces
>of gold were found in the
> Local entrpreneur Ken Richardson revived the search in
>the mid-1980s through
> H.M.S. Properties and affiliates. In 1986, HMS drilled
>two holes, but none of the
> samples analyzed "appeared to contain economic
>concentrations of the metals
> determined." Instead, they ran from 0.001 to 0.06 grams
>gold per tonne.
> Unsatisifed with the results of the 1986 drilling,
>Richardson gathered samples
> from the cores and from surface and sent them for
>analyses at various labs he
> had "investigated" in the U.S. The results showed "good"
>values in gold, silver
> and platinum group metals. Oddly enough, considering the
>reliance H.M.S. had
> placed on the old reports from Allan and Bradley, most of
>the samples did not
> come from the Precambrian basement rock where Bradley
>said he had found his
> "half pound" of gold.
> HMS Properties also sent three samples of core it had
>obtained from the
> Scurry-Rainbow well and had them re-assayed by one of the
>labs. All three
> samples returned what H.M.S. described as "excellent
>values" of gold, palladium,
> platinum, rhodium and silver. All the labs mentioned in
>the report are best known
> for their work on "desert-dirt" projects in the U.S.,
>where the gold appears and
> disappears, depending on who does the assaying.
> H.M.S. Group acquired the metallic mineral leases in the
>summer of 1991.
> In the late 1980s, a report by Myrrholm Financial of
>Edmonton began circulating,
> citing the potential of the Alberta properties. It stated
>that a "dossier is available
> and a dore bullion bar can be extracted for further
>analysis, subject to interested
> parties meeting certain qualifying conditions." It said
>the minerals were
> disseminated throughout the host material "in salt form."
> The report included an unauthored geological section that
>was bullish beyond all
> expectations. "The values of the minerals extracted from
>the cores and surface
> samples suggest a very rich orebody. Presently, H.M.S. is
> extraction processes in order to improve the quantity and
>quality of the recovered
> The report cited grades of 345 grams silver, 4 grams gold
>and 4 grams combined
> platinum-group metals per tonne, and implied that these
>were average grades
> from sampling the whole project.
> Ken Richardson then set out to spread the word, which he
>did by calling up
> newspaper reporters. The gold "discovery" got plenty of
>press, though Richardson
> candidly admitted that modern assay methods showed no
>gold content in his
> samples. He told reporters this was because the tests
>were "designed for hard
> rocks that normally host gold in Canada."
> Working from a basement lab, Richardson then claimed to
>have found a secret
> way to extract gold and platinum from the limestone "in
> The reports were met with raised eyebrows or worse in
>mining circles, at least in
> the beginning.
> Some juniors acquired ground, including Focal Resources
>(FCJ-V), which took
> an option to earn 25% in the H.M.S. property. Focal's own
>early sampling was
> encouraging, with multi-ounce grades in gold and platinum
>group elements. But
> these results came from made-to-measure assaying shops in
> U.S., and when the Alberta Stock Exchange moved to demand
> disclose results from conventional fire-assay analysis of
>the same samples, the
> numbers were substantially lower.
> The unverifiable grades meant the Fort MacKay gold rush
>had plenty of skeptics
> in the beginning. A major mining company sent out a
>consultant who reported
> back that the samples were being "pre-treated" before
>assaying with chemicals
> the assayer refused to identify. While conventional labs
>got nothing, the innovative
> assayer was able to produce a prill of alloyed gold and
>silver after roasting the
> sample, leaching it with cyanide solution, and recovering
>gold from the cyanide
> solution on a resin.
> The procedure included adding chemicals at the roasting
>stage and immediately
> after leaching -- chemicals the assayer refused to
>identify. He also told the
> consultant that the gold might be in the leached residue,
>in the resin, or in the
> cyanide solution, so he needed to assay residue, resin,
>and a precipitate left
> behind when the cyanide solution was evaporated.
> A Focal vice-president .."